Zitate von Arnold J. Toynbee

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Arnold J. Toynbee

Geburtstag: 14. April 1889
Todesdatum: 22. Oktober 1975

Arnold Joseph Toynbee war ein britischer Kulturtheoretiker und ein bedeutender Geschichtsphilosoph des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er gilt als letzter großer Universalhistoriker. Wikipedia

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Zitate Arnold J. Toynbee

„Zivilisationen werden nicht ermordet, sondern begehen Selbstmord“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

zitiert von Yann Arthus-Bertrand im Begleitbuch zum Dokumentarfilm Home: Home. Erkennen, sich informieren, fragen, verstehen, handeln. - Knesebeck Verlag, München 2009 - ISBN 978-3-86873-1149 - S. 172

„Soziales Leben ist für den Menschen ohne ein Maß persönlicher Freiheit und sozialer Gerechtigkeit unmöglich. Persönliche Freiheit ist eine unerläßliche Bedingung für jede menschliche Leistung, eine gute oder böse, während soziale Gerechtigkeit die Hauptregel des Spieles menschlichen Verkehrs ist.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee, buch Der Gang der Weltgeschichte

Arnold J. Toynbee: Der Gang der Weltgeschichte/ Band 2, Kulturen im Übergang, 2. Aufl. München: dtv, 1979, S. 430
Original engl.: “Social life is impossible without some meaning of both personal liberty and social justice. Personal liberty is an indispensable condition for any human achievement, good or evil, while social justice is the sovereign rule of the game of human intercourse.” - A Study of History, Vol. 2, p.340 books.google https://books.google.de/books?id=aRmTMxO61m4C&pg=PA340

„Of the twenty or so civilizations known to modern Western historians, all except our own appear to be dead or moribund, and, when we diagnose each case, in extremis or post mortem, we invariably find that the cause of death has been either War or Class or some combination of the two.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

Civilization on Trial (1948), chapter 2, p. 23.
Kontext: Of the twenty or so civilizations known to modern Western historians, all except our own appear to be dead or moribund, and, when we diagnose each case, in extremis or post mortem, we invariably find that the cause of death has been either War or Class or some combination of the two. To date, these two plagues have been deadly enough, in partnership, to kill off nineteen out of twenty representatives of this recently evolved species of human society; but, up to now, the deadliness of these scourges has had a saving limit.

„The local national state, invested with the attributes of sovereignty — is an abomination of desolation standing in the place where it ought not. It has stood in that place now — demanding and receiving human sacrifices from its poor deluded votaries — for four or five centuries.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

The Trend of International Affairs Since the War (1931)
Kontext: If we are frank with ourselves, we shall admit that we are engaged on a deliberate and sustained and concentrated effort to impose limitations upon the sovereignty and independence of the fifty or sixty local sovereign independent States which at present partition the habitable surface of the earth and divide the political allegiance of mankind.
It is just because we are really attacking the principle of local sovereignty that we keep on protesting our loyalty to it so loudly. The harder we press our attack upon the idol, the more pains we take to keep its priests and devotees in a fool’s paradise—lapped in a false sense of security which will inhibit them from taking up arms in their idol’s defense. The local national state, invested with the attributes of sovereignty — is an abomination of desolation standing in the place where it ought not. It has stood in that place now — demanding and receiving human sacrifices from its poor deluded votaries — for four or five centuries. Our political task in our generation is to cast the abomination out, to cleanse the temple and to restore the worship of the divinity to whom the temple rightfully belongs. In plain terms, we have to re-transfer the prestige and the prerogatives of sovereignty from the fifty or sixty fragments of contemporary society to the whole of contemporary society — from the local national states by which sovereignty has been usurped, with disastrous consequences, for half a millennium, to some institution embodying our society as a whole.
In the world as it is today, this institution can hardly be a universal Church. It is more likely to be something like a League of Nations. I will not prophesy. I will merely repeat that we are at present working, discreetly but with all our might, to wrest this mysterious political force called sovereignty out of the clutches of the local national states of our world. And all the time we are denying with our lips what we are doing with our hands...

„… the dogma that History is just "one damned thing after another…."“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

"Law and Freedom in History," <i>A Study of History</i>, Vol. 2 (1957). The embedded quotation is attributable to Elbert Hubbard.

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„The supreme accomplishment is to blur the line between work and play.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

Statement of 1964, as quoted in Mindfulness edited by Ellen J. Langer, p. 133; also in Social Creativity Vol. 2 (1999) edited by Alfonso Montuori and Ronald E. Purser.

„Civilization is a movement and not a condition, a voyage and not a harbor.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

As quoted in Reader's Digest (October 1958).
Variation: Civilization is a movement, not a condition. It is a voyage, not a harbor.
As quoted in The Social Welfare Forum (1968) by the National Conference on Social Welfare.

„Man’s true end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him for ever.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee

The source of this quotation (with "chief" in place of "true") is the Westminster Shorter Catechism, http://www.reformed.org/documents/wsc/index.html?_top=http://www.reformed.org/documents/WSC.html.
As quoted in Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY http://wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2006768?q=Arnold+Toynbee&p=par

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