Zitate von Gregor von Nyssa

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Gregor von Nyssa

Geburtstag: 335
Todesdatum: 395
Andere Namen:San Gregorio di Nissa

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Gregor von Nyssa, auch Gregorius oder Gregorios war ein christlicher Bischof, Heiliger und Kirchenlehrer. Er war ein jüngerer Bruder des Basilius von Caesarea und ein guter Freund Gregors von Nazianz. Diese drei werden als die kappadokischen Väter bezeichnet. Eine besonders hohe Wertschätzung genießen sie in der orthodoxen Kirche. Gregor wurde 372 Bischof von Nyssa. Er nahm am Ersten Konzil von Konstantinopel teil und verteidigte das Bekenntnis von Nicäa gegen die Arianer. Seine Gotteslehre stellt einen ersten Höhepunkt der Verschmelzung christlichen und platonischen Denkens dar. Gregor gilt als größter christlich-philosophischer Denker seiner Zeit. Er war zugleich einer der großen Mystiker.

Zitate Gregor von Nyssa

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„For the majority, I take it, who live all their lives with such obtuse faculties of thinking, it is a difficult thing to perform this feat of mental analysis and of discriminating the material vehicle from the immanent beauty, … Owing to this men give up all search after the true Beauty. Some slide into mere sensuality. Others incline in their desires to dead metallic coin. Others limit their imagination of the beautiful to worldly honours, fame, and power. There is another class which is enthusiastic about art and science. The most debased make their gluttony the test of what is good. But he who turns from all grosser thoughts and all passionate longings after what is seeming, and explores the nature of the beauty which is simple, immaterial, formless, would never make a mistake like that when he has to choose between all the objects of desire; he would never be so misled by these attractions as not to see the transient character of their pleasures and not to win his way to an utter contempt for every one of them. This, then, is the path to lead us to the discovery of the Beautiful. All other objects that attract men's love, be they never so fashionable, be they prized never so much and embraced never so eagerly, must be left below us, as too low, too fleeting, to employ the powers of loving which we possess; not indeed that those powers are to be locked up within us unused and motionless; but only that they must first be cleansed from all lower longings; then we must lift them to that height to which sense can never reach.“

— Gregory of Nyssa

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„Just as, in the case of the sunlight, on one who has never from the day of his birth seen it, all efforts at translating it into words are quite thrown away; you cannot make the splendour of the ray shine through his ears; in like manner, to see the beauty of the true and intellectual light, each man has need of eyes of his own; and he who by a gift of Divine inspiration can see it retains his ecstasy unexpressed in the depths of his consciousness; while he who sees it not cannot be made to know even the greatness of his loss. How should he? This good escapes his perception, and it cannot be represented to him; it is unspeakable, and cannot be delineated. We have not learned the peculiar language expressive of this beauty. … What words could be invented to show the greatness of this loss to him who suffers it? Well does the great David seem to me to express the impossibility of doing this. He has been lifted by the power of the Spirit out of himself, and sees in a blessed state of ecstacy the boundless and incomprehensible Beauty; he sees it as fully as a mortal can see who has quitted his fleshly envelopments and entered, by the mere power of thought, upon the contemplation of the spiritual and intellectual world, and in his longing to speak a word worthy of the spectacle he bursts forth with that cry, which all re-echo, "Every man a liar!" I take that to mean that any man who entrusts to language the task of presenting the ineffable Light is really and truly a liar; not because of any hatred on his part of the truth, but because of the feebleness of his instrument for expressing the thing thought of.“

— Gregory of Nyssa

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