Zitate von Ziya'-ud-Din Barani

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Ziya'-ud-Din Barani

Geburtstag: 1285
Todesdatum: 1357

Ziya’-ud-Din Barani oder Ziya’-ud-Din Barni, Persisch und Urdu: ضیاء الدین برنی, DMG Żiyāʾ ad-Dīn Baranī, Hindi: ज़ियाउट्टीन बरनी war ein indischer Historiker und der erste bekannte Muslim, der eine Geschichte Indiens verfasste. Er war ein hoher Beamter , der siebzehn Jahre am Hofe des Sultans Muhammad Tughlak lebte.

Neben dem Bericht des Ibn Batuta zählt seine in persischer Sprache verfasste Geschichte zu den besten Quellen über diesen Herrscher. Dieses 1357 verfasste Tārīkh-e Fīrūzshāhī enthält eine Geschichte der Sultane von Delhi vom islamischen Jahr 662 bis zum Jahr 758 . Seine Geschichte ist jedoch nicht als Tatsachenbericht aufzufassen, sondern soll darstellen, dass die Sultane von Delhi Erfolg hatten, indem sie sich an das islamische Gesetz hielten, oder aber scheiterten, weil sie dies nicht taten.

Zitate Ziya'-ud-Din Barani

„Shykh Nuruddin Mubarak Ghaznavi was the most important disciple of Shykh Shihabuddin Suhrawardi, founder of the second most important sufi silsila after the Chishtiyya, who died in Baghdad in 1235 AD. Ghaznavi had come and settled down in India where he passed away in 1234-35 AD. He served as Shykh-ul-Islam in the reign of Shamsuddin Iltutmish (AD 1210-1236), and propounded the doctrine of Din Panahi. Barani quotes the first principle of this doctrine as follows in his Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi. “The kings should protect the religion of Islam with sincere faith… And kings will not be able to perform the duty of protecting the Faith unless, for the sake of God and the Prophet’s creed, they overthrow and uproot kufr and kafiri (infidelity), shirk (setting partners to God) and the worship of idols. But if the total uprooting of idolatry is not possible owing to the firm roots of kufr and the large number of kafirs and mushriks (infidels and idolaters), the kings should at least strive to insult, disgrace, dishonour and defame the mushrik and idol-worshipping Hindus, who are the worst enemies of God and the Prophet. The symptom of the kings being the protectors of religion is this:- When they see a Hindu, their eyes grow red and they wish to bury him alive; they also desire to completely uproot the Brahmans, who are the leaders of kufr and shirk and owning to whom kufr and shirk are spread and the commandments of kufr are enforced… Owing to the fear and terror of the kings of Islam, not a single enemy of God and the Prophet can drink water that is sweet or stretch his legs on his bed and go to sleep in peace.”“

—  Ziauddin Barani

Quoted from Goel, Sita Ram (2001). The story of Islamic imperialism in India. ISBN 9788185990231
Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi

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„[Slaves, for instance, made good soldiers but] “they are of one group and one mind and there can be no permanent security against their revolt.”“

—  Ziauddin Barani

Barani, Fatawa-i-Jahandari, pp.25-26. quoted from Lal, K. S. (1992). The legacy of Muslim rule in India. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. Chapter 4

„In the year AH 689 (AD 1290), the Sultan led an army to Rantambhor… He took… Jhain, destroyed the idol temples, and broke and burned the idols…“

—  Ziauddin Barani

About Sultan Jalalu’d-Din Khalji (AD 1290-1296) conquests in Jhain (Rajasthan) Elliot and Dowson, History of India as told by its own historians, Vol. III, p. 146
Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi

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