Zitate von Uthman

Uthman Foto
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Uthman

Geburtstag: 574
Todesdatum: 17. Juni 656

Uthman ibn Affan , also spelled by the Turkish and Persian rendering Osman, was a son-in-law and notable companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, as well as the third of the Rashidun, or "Rightly Guided Caliphs". Born into a prominent Meccan clan, Banu Umayya of the Quraysh tribe, he played a major role in early Islamic history, and is known for having ordered the compilation of the standard version of the Quran. When Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab died in office aged 59/60 years, Uthman, aged 64/65 years, succeeded him and was the second-oldest to rule as Caliph.

Under Uthman's leadership, the Islamic empire expanded into Fars in 650, and some areas of Khorasan in 651. The conquest of Armenia had begun by the 640s. His reign also saw widespread protests and unrest that eventually led to armed revolt and his assassination.

According to Sunni and Shia belief, Uthman was married to Ruqayyah, and upon her death, married Umm Kulthum. Both his wives having been elder daughters of Muhammad and Khadija earned him the honorific title Dhū al-Nurayn . Thus, he was also brother-in-law of the fourth Rashidun Caliph Ali whose own wife, Fatimah, was Muhammad's youngest daughter.



Wikipedia

„O people, the first day is difficult but if I live I shall deliver a proper speech.“

—  Uthman

After assuming the office of Caliph, Uthman's first address was as follows, quoted in Al-ʿIqd al-Farīd, also quoted in Khalifah Uthman ibn Affan, p.34/35

„It is sufficient for you that the one who envies you is distressed at the time of your joy.“

—  Uthman

Majma' al-Amthal by al-Madai'ni, Vol. 20, p. 453

„Things may be achieved by means of authority that cannot be achieved by means of the Quran.“

—  Uthman

Al-Kamil fi'l Lughat wa'-Arab, Vol. 1, p. 257

„No one does a good deed but Allah will make it show on him.“

—  Uthman

Az-Zuhd by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, p. 185

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