„Do you know what we call opinion in the absence of evidence? We call it prejudice.“

—  Michael Crichton, buch Welt in Angst

Quelle: State of Fear

Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Michael Crichton Foto
Michael Crichton6
US-amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Drehbuchautor und Regisse… 1942 - 2008

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Henry David Thoreau Foto

„Do we call this the land of the free? What is it to be free from King George and continue the slaves of King Prejudice?“

—  Henry David Thoreau, buch Life Without Principle

Life Without Principle (1863)
Kontext: Do we call this the land of the free? What is it to be free from King George and continue the slaves of King Prejudice? What is it to be born free and not to live free? What is the value of any political freedom, but as a means to moral freedom? Is it a freedom to be slaves, or a freedom to be free, of which we boast? We are a nation of politicians, concerned about the outmost defences only of freedom. It is our children's children who may perchance be really free.

Donald Rumsfeld Foto

„Reports that say that something hasn't happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns — the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of our country and other free countries, it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones.
The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, or vice versa.“

—  Donald Rumsfeld U.S. Secretary of Defense 1932

Department of Defense news briefing (12 February 2002)
Now what is the message there? The message is that there are no "knowns." There are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say there are things that we now know we don't know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we do not know we don't know. So when we do the best we can and we pull all this information together, and we then say well that's basically what we see as the situation, that is really only the known knowns and the known unknowns. And each year, we discover a few more of those unknown unknowns.
:It sounds like a riddle. It isn't a riddle. It is a very serious, important matter.
:There's another way to phrase that and that is that the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. It is basically saying the same thing in a different way. Simply because you do not have evidence that something exists does not mean that you have evidence that it doesn't exist. And yet almost always, when we make our threat assessments, when we look at the world, we end up basing it on the first two pieces of that puzzle, rather than all three.
:* Extending on his earlier comments in a press conference at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, Belgium (6 June 2002) http://www.nato.int/docu/speech/2002/s020606g.htm

Rachel Caine Foto
Sharron Angle Foto

„So that's what we want is a secure and sovereign nation, and, you know, I don't know that all of you are Latino. Some of you look a little more Asian to me. I don't know that. What we know, what we know about ourselves is that we are a melting pot in this country. My grandchildren are evidence of that. I'm evidence of that. I've been called the first Asian legislator in our Nevada State Assembly.“

—  Sharron Angle Former member of the Nevada Assembly from 1999 to 2007 1949

Angle to Hispanic children: “Some of you look a little more Asian to me”
Las Vegas Sun
Angle Caught on Tape Again, Tells Latino Students They 'Look a Little More Asian'
The Rundown
speaking to Rancho High School's Hispanic Student Union
Sharron Angle tells Latino students they look Asian

Eugène Fromentin Foto

„.. the great Dutch school seemed to think of nothing but painting well [characterised by] the total absence of what today we call 'a subject.“

—  Eugène Fromentin French painter 1820 - 1876

Quote from Les Maitres d'Autrefois / The Old Masters, Eugène Fromentin; 1948, p. 108; as cited in 'Dutch Painting of the Golden Age', http://www.open.edu/openlearn/history-the-arts/dutch-painting-the-golden-age/content-section-2 OpenLearn

Richard Leakey Foto
Citát „We do what we must, and call it by the best names we can.“
Ralph Waldo Emerson Foto
Natalie Clifford Barney Foto
Albert Einstein Foto
Isaac Asimov Foto

„If, as I maintain and firmly believe, there is no objective definition of intelligence, and what we call intelligence is only a creation of cultural fashion and subjective prejudice, what the devil is it we test when we make use of an intelligence test?“

—  Isaac Asimov American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University, known for his works of science fiction and popular … 1920 - 1992

"Thinking About Thinking" in Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, January 1975
General sources

Lois McMaster Bujold Foto
Maria Edgeworth Foto
Lisa Scottoline Foto

„Do you know what they call people who hoard books? Smart.“

—  Lisa Scottoline American writer 1955

Quelle: My Nest Isn't Empty, It Just Has More Closet Space: The Amazing Adventures of an Ordinary Woman

Paracelsus Foto
Carl Sagan Foto

„Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.“

—  Carl Sagan, buch Cosmos

Martin Rees — Sagan refers to this quote in The Demon-Haunted World (1995) (see above)
Quelle: Cosmos

Martin J. Rees Foto

„Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.“

—  Martin J. Rees cosmologist, astrophysicist, Astronomer Royal, Master of Trinity College, President of the Royal Society 1942

As quoted in Project Cyclops: A Design Study of a System for Detecting Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life (1971) http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19730010095_1973010095.pdf by Bernard M. Oliver, and John Billingham, Ch. 2 : Life in the Universe, p. 3 ; this has frequently misattributed to Carl Sagan, who quoted it in some of his presentations.

Charles Lamb Foto
Robert Jordan Foto
Zisi Foto

„What is God-given is what we call human nature. To fulfil the law of our human nature is what we call the moral law. The cultivation of the moral law is what we call culture.“

—  Zisi Chinese philosopher -481 - -402 v.Chr

Opening lines, p. 104
Variant translations:
What is God-given is called nature; to follow nature is called Tao (the Way); to cultivate the Way is called culture.
As translated by Lin Yutang in The Importance of Living (1937), p. 143
What is God-given is called human nature.
To fulfill that nature is called the moral law (Tao).
The cultivation of the moral law is called culture.
As translated by Lin Yutang in From Pagan to Christian (1959), p. 85
The Doctrine of the Mean

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