— Gjorge Ivanov President of Macedonia 1960
Context: Socially, the crisis is putting the European model of integration to the test. Instead of being united in diversity, will Europe now be united against diversity? Instead of integration without assimilation, will Europe now prefer integration through assimilation? The Arab philosopher Averroes wrote that “ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hate and hate leads to violence.” Today in Europe, violence instigated by individuals and groups who fear diversity is spreading
„It is a double-edged makeshift to entrust an individual or a group of individuals with the authority to resort to violence.“
— Gjorge Ivanov President of Macedonia 1960
„The most important element of a free society, where individual rights are held in the highest esteem, is the rejection of the initiation of violence. All initiation of force is a violation of someone else's rights, whether initiated by an individual or the state, for the benefit of an individual or group of individuals, even if it's supposed to be for the benefit of another individual or group of individuals. Legitimate use of violence can only be that which is required in self-defense.“
— Ron Paul American politician and physician 1935
1980s, Freedom Under Siege http://www.dailypaul.com/taxonomy/term/21 (1987).
„Society is not just the product of its individual members; it is also the product of its constituent groups. The aggregate relations among individuals and groups, among individuals within groups, and among groups forms a network of astonishing complexity.“
— Clay Shirky American technology writer 1964
Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (2008), p. 14
— Robert Anton Wilson American author and polymath 1932 - 2007
The Robert Anton Wilson Website - RAW Thoughts, Robert Anton Wilson, 2016-06-03 http://www.rawilson.com/thoughts.html,
„The State’s behavior is violence, and it calls its violence “law”; that of the individual, “crime.”“
— Max Stirner, buch Der Einzige und sein Eigentum
The Ego and Its Own (1845), The state calls its own violence law, but that of the individual, crime. As quoted in The Great Quotations (1960) by George Seldes, p. 664
„An open internet is an open platform for debating opposing views. It allows both popular and unpopular voices to be heard. It is a civilized outlet for frustrated individuals to express themselves without resorting to violence or terrorism.“
— Newton Lee American computer scientist
Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity: Total Information Awareness (2nd Edition), 2015
„When an individual wishes to stand in opposition to authority, he does best to find support for his position from others in his group.“
— Stanley Milgram Social psychologist 1933 - 1984
Obedience to Authority : An Experimental View (1974), Context: When an individual wishes to stand in opposition to authority, he does best to find support for his position from others in his group. The mutual support provided by men for each other is the strongest bulwark we have against the excesses of authority. (Not that the group is always on the right side of the issue. Lynch mobs and groups of predatory hoodlums remind us that groups may be vicious in the influence they exert.) p. 121
„Any group or “collective,” large or small, is only a number of individuals. A group can have no rights other than the rights of its individual members.“
— Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness
The Virtue of Selfishness (1964)
„It is not the similarity or dissimilarity of individuals that constitutes a group, but interdependence of fate.“
— Kurt Lewin German-American psychologist 1890 - 1947
1930s, Kurt Lewin (1939) "When facing danger". In Lewin, G. W. (Ed.), Resolving Social Conﬂict. London: Harper & Row.
— Ella Baker African-American civil rights and human rights activist 1903 - 1986
The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader: documents, speeches and firsthand accounts from the Black Freedom Struggle, 1954–1990, ed. Clayborne Carson et al. (Penguin Books, 1991), p. 121.
„The social sciences are usually concerned with groups of persons rather than individual persons. The behavior of individuals, being free, is unpredictable.“
— Carroll Quigley American historian 1910 - 1977
The Evolution of Civilizations (1961) (Second Edition 1979), Chapter 3, Groups, Societies, and Civilizations, p. 67
„Leadership means that a group, large or small, is willing to entrust authority to a person who has shown judgement, wisdom, personal appeal, and proven competence.“
— Walt Disney American film producer and businessman 1901 - 1966
How to Be Like Walt : Capturing the Magic Every Day of Your Life (2004), Ch. 4 : Animated Leadership, p. 102 Unsourced variant: Leadership implies a strong faith or belief in something. It may be a cause, an institution, a political or business operation in which a man takes active direction by virtue of his faith and self-assurance. And, of course, leadership means a group, large or small, which is willing to entrust such authority to a man — or a woman — in judgment, wisdom, personal appeal and proven competence.
„... there is only one authority... that is the authority which truth itself possesses when it is perceived to be true by the individual concerned... the alternative procedure, the delegation to external authority, must itself follow an individual’s subjective decision.“
— Leslie Weatherhead English theologian 1893 - 1976
The Christian Agnostic (1965), p.49, [ellipsis added]
„Liberalism is the philosophy of the individual. Its ethic is liberty and its characteristic is autonomy — the freedom of the will from external constraint. It says "I shall…".
Socialism is the philosophy of the state. Its ethic is equality and its characteristic is coercion — the power, in the last resort, to exert force over individuals and groups. It says "you must…".
Conservatism is the philosophy of society. Its ethic is fraternity and its characteristic is authority“
— Danny Kruger
On Fraternity : Politics Beyond Liberty & Equality (2007), the non-coercive social persuasion which operates in a family or a community. It says "we should…". "Triangulation", p. 13
„The more unconscious individuals, groups, or nations are, the more likely it is that egoic pathology will assume the form of physical violence. Violence is a primitive but still very widespread way in which the ego attempts to assert itself, to prove itself right or another wrong. With very unconscious people, arguments can easily lead to physical violence.“
— Eckhart Tolle, A New Earth
A New Earth (2005)
„The human groups have been selected for the effects of their habitual practices, effects of which the individuals were not and could not be aware. Customs are mostly group properties, beneficial only if they are common properties of its individual members but referring to reciprocal action.“
— Friedrich Hayek Austrian and British economist and Nobel Prize for Economics laureate 1899 - 1992
1980s and later, "The Origins and Effects of Our Morals: A Problem for Science", in The Essence of Hayek (1984)