„Great scientists tolerate ambiguity very well.“

You and Your Research (1986)
Kontext: Most people like to believe something is or is not true. Great scientists tolerate ambiguity very well. They believe the theory enough to go ahead; they doubt it enough to notice the errors and faults so they can step forward and create the new replacement theory. If you believe too much you'll never notice the flaws; if you doubt too much you won't get started. It requires a lovely balance.

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Richard Hamming Foto
Richard Hamming
US-amerikanischer Mathematiker, einer der Begründer der Kod… 1915 - 1998

Ähnliche Zitate

Sigmund Freud Foto

„Neurosis is the inability to tolerate ambiguity“

—  Sigmund Freud Austrian neurologist known as the founding father of psychoanalysis 1856 - 1939

Jacob Bronowski Foto

„Tolerance among scientists cannot be based on indifference, it must be based on respect.“

—  Jacob Bronowski Polish-born British mathematician 1908 - 1974

Part 3: "The Sense of Human Dignity", §6 (p. 63–64)
Science and Human Values (1956, 1965)
Kontext: Tolerance among scientists cannot be based on indifference, it must be based on respect. Respect as a personal value implies, in any society, the public acknowledgements of justice and of due honor. These are values which to the layman seem most remote from any abstract study. Justice, honor, the respect of man for man: What, he asks, have these human values to do with science? [... ]
Those who think that science is ethically neutral confuse the findings of science, which are, with the activity of science, which is not.

Richard Feynman Foto

„The scientist has a lot of experience with ignorance and doubt and uncertainty, and this experience is of very great importance, I think.“

—  Richard Feynman American theoretical physicist 1918 - 1988

The Value of Science (1955)
Kontext: The scientist has a lot of experience with ignorance and doubt and uncertainty, and this experience is of very great importance, I think. When a scientist doesn’t know the answer to a problem, he is ignorant. When he has a hunch as to what the result is, he is uncertain. And when he is pretty darn sure of what the result is going to be, he is still in some doubt. We have found it of paramount importance that in order to progress we must recognize our ignorance and leave room for doubt. Scientific knowledge is a body of statements of varying degrees of certainty — some most unsure, some nearly sure, but none absolutely certain. Now, we scientists are used to this, and we take it for granted that it is perfectly consistent to be unsure, that it is possible to live and not know. But I don’t know whether everyone realizes this is true. Our freedom to doubt was born out of a struggle against authority in the early days of science. It was a very deep and strong struggle: permit us to question — to doubt — to not be sure. I think that it is important that we do not forget this struggle and thus perhaps lose what we have gained.

João Magueijo Foto
Simone de Beauvoir Foto

„From the very beginning, existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity.“

—  Simone de Beauvoir, buch The Ethics of Ambiguity

Part I : Ambiguity and Freedom
The Ethics of Ambiguity (1947)
Kontext: From the very beginning, existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity. It was by affirming the irreducible character of ambiguity that Kierkegaard opposed himself to Hegel, and it is by ambiguity that, in our own generation, Sartre, in Being and Nothingness, fundamentally defined man, that being whose being is not to be, that subjectivity which realizes itself only as a presence in the world, that engaged freedom, that surging of the for-oneself which is immediately given for others. But it is also claimed that existentialism is a philosophy of the absurd and of despair. It encloses man in a sterile anguish, in an empty subjectivity. It is incapable of furnishing him with any principle for making choices. Let him do as he pleases. In any case, the game is lost. Does not Sartre declare, in effect, that man is a “useless passion,” that he tries in vain to realize the synthesis of the for-oneself and the in-oneself, to make himself God? It is true. But it is also true that the most optimistic ethics have all begun by emphasizing the element of failure involved in the condition of man; without failure, no ethics; for a being who, from the very start, would be an exact co-incidence with himself, in a perfect plenitude, the notion of having-to-be would have no meaning. One does not offer an ethics to a God. It is impossible to propose any to man if one defines him as nature, as something given. The so-called psychological or empirical ethics manage to establish themselves only by introducing surreptitiously some flaw within the manthing which they have first defined.

Samuel Butler Foto

„To do great work a man must be very idle as well as very industrious.“

—  Samuel Butler novelist 1835 - 1902

Further Extracts from the Note-Books of Samuel Butler http://books.google.com/books?id=zltaAAAAMAAJ&q="To+do+great+work+a+man+must+be+very+idle+as+well+as+very+industrious"&pg=PA262#v=onepage, compiled and edited by A.T. Bartholomew (1934), p. 262

„The very idea of toleration is despicable;“

—  John Leland (Baptist) American Baptist minister 1754 - 1841

The Virginia Chronicle (1790)
Kontext: Government should protect every man in thinking and speaking freely, and see that one does not abuse another. The liberty that I contend for, is more than toleration. The very idea of toleration is despicable; it supposes that some have a pre-eminence above the rest, to grant indulgence; whereas all should be equally free, Jews, Turks, Pagans and Christians. (p. 118)

Margaret Cho Foto

„We are more aware and politicized than ever before. There is very little ambiguity as to which side you are on.“

—  Margaret Cho American stand-up comedian 1968

From Her Books, I Have Chosen To Stay And Fight, ACTIVISM

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Foto
Peter Medawar Foto
L. Ron Hubbard Foto

„To love in spite of all is the secret of greatness. And may very well be the greatest secret in this universe.“

—  L. Ron Hubbard American science fiction author, philosopher, cult leader, and the founder of the Church of Scientology 1911 - 1986

Anthony Burgess Foto
Coventry Patmore Foto
Naum Gabo Foto

„Science looks and observes and art see and foresees. Every great scientist has experienced a moment when the artist in him saved the scientist.“

—  Naum Gabo Russian sculptor 1890 - 1977

Naum Gabo (1937) "Editorial", p. 9
1936 - 1977, Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art, 1937

Frederik Pohl Foto

„Scientists are an agnostic lot, of course—well, most educated people are, aren’t they?“

—  Frederik Pohl American science fiction writer and editor 1919 - 2013

Waiting for the Olympians (p. 269)
Platinum Pohl (2005)

Robert Maynard Hutchins Foto

Ähnliche Themen