„Exit and voice, that is, market and non­ market forces, that is, economic and political mechanisms, have been introduced as two principal actors of strictly equal rank and importance.“

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty (1970), Ch. 1. Introduction and Doctrinal Background.

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Albert O. Hirschman Foto
Albert O. Hirschman
US-amerikanischer Soziologe und Ökonom 1915 - 2012

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„A market is not politically neutral; its existence creates economic power which one actor can use against another.“

—  Robert Gilpin Political scientist 1930 - 2018

Quelle: The Political Economy of International Relations (1987), Chapter One, Nature of Political Economy, p. 23

Ian Bremmer Foto

„The free market tide has now receded. In its place has come state capitalism, a system in which the state functions as the leading economic actor and uses markets primarily for political gain.“

—  Ian Bremmer American political scientist 1969

"State Capitalism Comes of Age," http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64948/ian-bremmer/state-capitalism-comes-of-age Foreign Affairs (May/June 2009).

Ian Bremmer Foto

„It's not a third way between state capitalism and free markets, it is the free market way. Multi-national corporations should be the principal actors, but they should be properly regulated.“

—  Ian Bremmer American political scientist 1969

"The West Should Fear the Growth of State Capitalism," http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/7883061/The-West-should-fear-the-growth-of-state-capitalism-Ian-Bremmer.html The Daily Telegraph (July 10, 2010).

Ludwig von Mises Foto
Nicholas Barr Foto
Ian Bremmer Foto

„An emerging market is a country where politics matters at least as much as economics to the market.“

—  Ian Bremmer American political scientist 1969

"Managing Risk in an Unstable World," http://custom.hbsp.com/b01/en/implicit/product.jhtml?login=BREM060105&password=BREM060105&pid=1126 Harvard Business Review (June 2005).

Raj Patel Foto

„Gradually but steadily, great segments of economic activity have been shifted from the market place to administration.“

—  Gardiner C. Means American economist 1896 - 1988

Quelle: "The Distribution of Control and Responsibility in a Modern Economy", 1935, p. 67; as cited in: Dimock (1937; 29)

N. Gregory Mankiw Foto
Daniel Bell Foto

„It is important to realize that the market economy, though it is associated historically with the rise of modern private capitalism, is as a mechanism not necessarily limited to that system.“

—  Daniel Bell, buch The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism

Quelle: The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976), Chapter 6, The Public Household, p. 223

„Specialization makes the welfare of the society vulnerable to the market and to political forces beyond national control.“

—  Robert Gilpin Political scientist 1930 - 2018

Quelle: The Political Economy of International Relations (1987), Chapter Five, The Politics Of International Trade, p. 189

Joseph E. Stiglitz Foto

„1. The standard neoclassical model the formal articulation of Adam Smith's invisible hand, the contention that market economies will ensure economic efficiency provides little guidance for the choice of economic systems, since once information imperfections (and the fact that markets are incomplete) are brought into the analysis, as surely they must be, there is no presumption that markets are efficient.
2. The Lange-Lerner-Taylor theorem, asserting the equivalence of market and market socialist economies, is based on a misguided view of the market, of the central problems of resource allocation, and (not surprisingly, given the first two failures) of how the market addresses those basic problems.
3. The neoclassical paradigm, through its incorrect characterization of the market economies and the central problems of resource allocation, provides a false sense of belief in the ability of market socialism to solve those resource allocation problems. To put it another way, if the neoclassical paradigm had provided a good description of the resource allocation problem and the market mechanism, then market socialism might well have been a success. The very criticisms of market socialism are themselves, to a large extent, criticisms of the neoclassical paradigm.
4. The central economic issues go beyond the traditional three questions posed at the beginning of every introductory text: What is to be produced? How is it to be produced? And for whom is it to be produced? Among the broader set of questions are: How should these resource allocation decisions be made? Who should make these decisions? How can those who are responsible for making these decisions be induced to make the right decisions? How are they to know what and how much information to acquire before making the decisions? How can the separate decisions of the millions of actors decision makers in the economy be coordinated?
5. At the core of the success of market economies are competition, markets, and decentralization. It is possible to have these, and for the government to still play a large role in the economy; indeed it may be necessary for the government to play a large role if competition is to be preserved. There has recently been extensive confusion over to what to attribute the East Asian miracle, the amazingly rapid growth in countries of this region during the past decade or two. Countries like Korea did make use of markets; they were very export oriented. And because markets played such an important role, some observers concluded that their success was convincing evidence of the power of markets alone. Yet in almost every case, government played a major role in these economies. While Wade may have put it too strongly when he entitled his book on the Taiwan success Governing the Market, there is little doubt that government intervened in the economy through the market.
6. At the core of the failure of the socialist experiment is not just the lack of property rights. Equally important were the problems arising from lack of incentives and competition, not only in the sphere of economics but also in politics. Even more important perhaps were problems of information. Hayek was right, of course, in emphasizing that the information problems facing a central planner were overwhelming. I am not sure that Hayek fully appreciated the range of information problems. If they were limited to the kinds of information problems that are at the center of the Arrow-Debreu model consumers conveying their preferences to firms, and scarcity values being communicated both to firms and consumers then market socialism would have worked. Lange would have been correct that by using prices, the socialist economy could "solve" the information problem just as well as the market could. But problems of information are broader.“

—  Joseph E. Stiglitz, buch Whither Socialism?

Quelle: Whither Socialism? (1994), Ch. 1 : The Theory of Socialism and the Power of Economic Ideas

Matt Dillon Foto

„As an actor, you can't be off the market for too long.“

—  Matt Dillon American actor 1964

Justine Elias (April 26, 2003) "A seldom used welcome Matt", The Gold Coast Bulletin, p. 076.

David Packard Foto

„Marketing is far too important to be left only to the marketing department!.“

—  David Packard American electrical engineer, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard, businessman, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense, philanthrop… 1912 - 1996

David Packard cited in Philip Kotler (2000), Marketing Management, Millenium Edition. p. 13

Mark Latham Foto

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