„[There will be movement toward] behavioral economics… [which] involves study of those aspects of men’s images, or cognitive and affective structures that are more relevant to economic decisions.“

Kenneth Boulding (1958) "Contemporary Economic Research".  In Donald P. Ray (ed.). Trends in Social Science, pp. 9-26. as cited in: James Alm (2011) Testing Behavioral Public Economics Theories in the Laboratory http://econ.tulane.edu/RePEc/pdf/tul1102.pdf. Working paper.
Alm proceeds by stating: "Given the essential role of psychological insights in the field, together with the obvious truism that all economics concerns “behavior” in one form or another, a more descriptive name for the field is perhaps “cognitive economics”, as recognized early on by Boulding (1958)."
1950s

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Kenneth Ewart Boulding Foto
Kenneth Ewart Boulding
US-amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler 1910 - 1993

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Lionel Robbins Foto

„Economics is a science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.“

—  Lionel Robbins British economist 1898 - 1984

An Essay on the nature and significance of Economic Science (1932), Chapter I: The Subject Matter of Economics
Kontext: The economist studies the disposal of scarce means. He is interested in the way different degrees of scarcity of different goods give rise to different ratios of valuation between them, and he is interested in the way in which changes in conditions of scarcity, whether coming from changes in ends or changes in means—from the demand side or the supply side—affect these ratios. Economics is a science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.

„Economics deals with the behavior of commodities rather than with the behavior of men.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding British-American economist 1910 - 1993

Attributed to Kenneth Boulding in: Peter F. Drucker, Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices, New York: Truman Talley Books, E.P. Dutton, 1986, p. 21.
1980s

Mohammad Mosaddegh Foto
Barry Boehm Foto
Václav Havel Foto

„The most important thing is that man should be the measure of all structures, including economic structures, and not that man be made to measure for those structures.“

—  Václav Havel, buch Disturbing the Peace

Quelle: Disturbing the Peace (1986), Ch. 1 : Growing Up "Outside", p. 13
Kontext: The most important thing is that man should be the measure of all structures, including economic structures, and not that man be made to measure for those structures. The most important thing is not to lose sight of personal relationships — i. e., the relationships between man and his co-workers, between subordinates and their superiors, between man and his work, between this work and its consequences.

John Kenneth Galbraith Foto

„Economic theory is the most prestigious subject of instruction and study. Agricultural economics, labor economics and marketing are lower caste fields of study.“

—  John Kenneth Galbraith, buch The New Industrial State

Quelle: The New Industrial State (1967), Chapter X, Section 5, p. 122 (Mr. Galbraith was originally an agricultural economist...)

Ernest Mandel Foto
Herbert A. Simon Foto
Barry Boehm Foto
Ernest Mandel Foto

„For Marx, ‘pure’ economic theory, that is economic theory which abstracts from a specific social structure, is impossible.“

—  Ernest Mandel Belgian economist and Marxist philosopher 1923 - 1995

Introduction to Capital. Introduction to volume 1 (1976)

Ragnar Frisch Foto

„Two important features in the modern development of economics are the application of mathematics to abstract economic reasoning… and the attempt at placing economics on a numerical and experimental basis by an intensive study of economic statistics.
Both these developments have a common characteristic: they emphasize the quantitative character of economics. This quantitative movement in our estimation is one of the most promising developments in modern economics. We also consider it important that the two aspects of the quantitative method referred to should be furthered, developed, and studied jointly as two integrating parts of economics.
We therefore venture to propose the establishment of an international periodical devoted to the advancement of the quantitative study of economic phenomena, and especially to the development of a closer relation between pure economics and economic statistics.
We believe that the scope of the new journal would be happily suggested if it is called "Oekonometrika."“

—  Ragnar Frisch Norwegian economist 1895 - 1973

Accordingly, the quantitative study of economic phenomena here considered may be termed econometrics.
Frisch (1927) as quoted in Divisia 1953, pp.24-25; Cited in: Bjerkholt, Olav. " Ragnar Frisch and the foundation of the Econometric Society and Econometrica http://www.ssb.no/a/histstat/doc/doc_199509.pdf." ECONOMETRIC SOCIETY MONOGRAPHS 31 (1998): 26-57.
Lead paragraph of a memorandum on the importance of establishing the journal "Oekonometrika"
1920

Samuel Bowles Foto
John R. Commons Foto

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