„My atheism, like that of Spinoza, is true piety toward the universe and denies only gods fashioned by men in their own image, to be servants of their human interests.“

George Santayana, in "On My Friendly Critics", in Soliloquies in England (1922)

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Baruch Spinoza Foto
Baruch Spinoza28
niederländischer Philosoph des Rationalismus 1632 - 1677

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George Santayana Foto

„My atheism, like that of Spinoza, is true piety towards the universe and denies only gods fashioned by men in their own image, to be servants of their human interests.“

—  George Santayana 20th-century Spanish-American philosopher associated with Pragmatism 1863 - 1952

"On My Friendly Critics"
Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies (1922)
Quelle: Soliloquies in England & Later Soliloquies

Baruch Spinoza Foto
Emmanuel Levinas Foto
Baruch Spinoza Foto

„From this point we glance back to the alleged atheism of Spinoza. The charge will be seen to be unfounded if we remember that his system, instead of denying God, rather recognises that he alone really is. Nor can it be maintained that the God of Spinoza, although he is described as alone true, is not the true God, and therefore as good as no God. If that were a just charge, it would only prove that all other systems, where speculation has not gone beyond a subordinate stage of the idea — that the Jews and Mohammedans who know God only as the Lord — and that even the many Christians for whom God is merely the most high, unknowable, and transcendent being, are as much atheists as Spinoza. The so-called atheism of Spinoza is merely an exaggeration of the fact that he defrauds the principle of difference or finitude of its due. Hence his system, as it holds that there is properly speaking no world, at any rate that the world has no positive being, should rather be styled Acosmism. These considerations will also show what is to be said of the charge of Pantheism. If Pantheism means, as it often does, the doctrine which takes finite things in their finitude and in the complex of them to be God, we must acquit the system of Spinoza of the crime of Pantheism. For in that system, finite things and the world as a whole are denied all truth. On the other hand, the philosophy which is Acosmism is for that reason certainly pantheistic.“

—  Baruch Spinoza Dutch philosopher 1632 - 1677

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences: The Logic
G - L, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Albert Einstein Foto

„The God Spinoza revered is my God, too: I meet Him everyday in the harmonious laws which govern the universe.“

—  Albert Einstein German-born physicist and founder of the theory of relativity 1879 - 1955

Quelle: Attributed in posthumous publications, p. 89
Kontext: The God Spinoza revered is my God, too: I meet Him everyday in the harmonious laws which govern the universe. My religion is cosmic, and my God is too universal to concern himself with the intentions of every human being. I do not accept a religion of fear; My God will not hold me responsible for the actions that necessity imposes. My God speaks to me through laws.

Bertrand Russell Foto

„I like mathematics because it is not human and has nothing particular to do with this planet or with the whole accidental universe – because, like Spinoza's God, it won't love us in return.“

—  Bertrand Russell logician, one of the first analytic philosophers and political activist 1872 - 1970

Letter to Lady Ottoline Morrell, March, 1912, as quoted in Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations (2012), p. 1318
1910s

„First, a man is created in his own image, and only afterwards in the image of God.“

—  Menachem Mendel of Kotzk Polish rabbi 1787 - 1859

As quoted in Leaping Souls : Rabbi Menachem Mendel And The Spirit Of Kotzk (1993) by Chaim Feinberg
Variant translation: Man must "guard himself and his uniqueness, and not imitate his fellow … for initially man was created in his own image, and only afterwards in the image of God.

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Anatole France Foto

„Only men who are not interested in women are interested in women's clothes. Men who like women never notice what they wear.“

—  Anatole France, buch Histoire contemporaine

Ce sont les hommes qui n'aiment pas les femmes qui s'intéressent à la toilette des femmes. Et les hommes qui aiment les femmes ne voient pas seulement comment elles sont habillées.
Histoire contemporaine: L'anneau d'améthyste (1899)

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