— Mohammad Mosaddegh Prime Minister of Iran 1882 - 1967
„Thus, fascism adopted the economic aspect of liberalism but completely denied its philosophical principles and the intellectual and moral heritage of modernity.“
Quelle: The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution, 1994, p.7
„In short, what the sensitive liberals want is a thus try to deprive the French Revolution of its status as the founding event of modern democracy, relegating it to a historical anomaly: there was a historical necessity to assert the modern principles of personal freedom, etc.“
— Slavoj Žižek Slovene philosopher 1949
Robespierre: Virtue and Terror (2007)
„Islam is a complete, self-contained ideology which regards all aspects of our existence—moral and physical, spiritual and intellectual, personal and communal—as parts of the indivisible whole which we call "human life."“
— Muhammad Asad, buch The Principles of State and Government in Islam
Quelle: The Principles of State and Government in Islam (1961), Chapter 6: Conclusion, p 95
„It is not possible to fully understand modern world culture without appreciating its connection and its continuity with the heritage of classical culture.“
— Tullio De Mauro Italian linguist 1932 - 2017
Claudio Gentili, “Time out” for Classical Studies? The Future of Italian Liceo Classico in the 4.0 world https://www.researchgate.net/deref/http%3A%2F%2Fdx.doi.org%2F10.15581%2F004.33.127-143, in Estudios Sobre Educacion, 33:127-143, October 2017.
„The official Fascist intellectuals were mainly engaged in attacking modern culture and the liberal intelligentsia for having betrayed traditional values.“
— Umberto Eco Italian semiotician, essayist, philosopher, literary critic, and novelist 1932 - 2016
Kontext: [Ur-Fascism] depends on the cult of action for action's sake. Action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any previous reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation. Therefore culture is suspect insofar as it is identified with critical attitudes. Distrust of the intellectual world has always been a symptom of Ur-Fascism, from Goering's alleged statement ("When I hear talk of culture I reach for my gun") to the frequent use of such expressions as "degenerate intellectuals," "eggheads," "effete snobs," "universities are a nest of reds." The official Fascist intellectuals were mainly engaged in attacking modern culture and the liberal intelligentsia for having betrayed traditional values.
„In its origin, liberalism had no ambition to be universal either in the sense of claiming to be valid for everyone and every human society or in the sense of purporting to give an answer to all the important questions of human life. … The ideal of liberalism is a practically engaged political philosophy that is both epistemically and morally highly abstemious. That is, at best, a very difficult and possibly a completely hopeless project. It is therefore not surprising that liberals succumb again and again to the temptation to go beyond the limits they would ideally like to set for themselves and try to make of liberalism a complete philosophy of life. … In the middle of the twentieth century, Kantianism presented itself as a “philosophical foundation” for a version of liberalism, and liberals at that time were sufficiently weak and self-deceived (or strong and opportunistic) to accept the offer.“
— Raymond Geuss British philosopher 1946
“Liberalism and its Discontents,” pp. 24-25.
Outside Ethics (2005)
„My objection to Liberalism is this—that it is the introduction into the practical business of life of the highest kind—namely, politics—of philosophical ideas instead of political principles.“
— Benjamin Disraeli British Conservative politician, writer, aristocrat and Prime Minister 1804 - 1881
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1848/jun/05/expulsion-of-the-british-ambassador-from in the House of Commons (5 June 1848).
„Where we observe the predominance of one technology or one economic outcome over its competitors we should thus be cautious of any exercise that seeks the means by which the winner's innate 'superiority' came to be translated into adoption.“
— W. Brian Arthur American economist 1946
Quelle: Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns and Lock-in by Historical Events, (1989), p. 127, as cited in: John Gowdy (1994) Coevolutionary Economics: The Economy, Society and the Environment. p. 148
„The liberalism with which I am concerned is a version of liberalism prominent in the moral and legal and political philosophy of the day: a liberalism in which the notions of justice, fairness, and individual rights play a central role, and which is indebted to Kant for much of its philosophical foundation.“
— Michael J. Sandel, buch Liberalism and the Limits of Justice
Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, 1998
„We have seen this complete right wing takeover of modern liberalism, and it is an ugly spectacle to behold.“
— Kevin Rudd Australian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Australia 1957
Rudd's first speech as Labor leader
Speaking of John Howard's Liberal government.
„Fascism rebelled against modernity inasmuch as modernity was identified with the rationalism, optimism, and humanism of the eighteenth century, but it was not a reactionary or an anti-revolutionary movement in the Maurrassian sense of the term. Fascism presented itself as a revolution of another kind, a revolution that sought to destroy the existing political order and to uproot its theoretical and moral foundations but that at the same time wished to preserve all the achievements of modern technology.“
— Zeev Sternhell Israeli historian 1935
Quelle: The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution, 1994, p. 7
„…the levels of culture, the aspects of society: military, political, economic, social, emotional, religious, and intellectual. Those are your basic human needs. …they are arranged in evolutionary sequence.“
— Carroll Quigley American historian 1910 - 1977
Oscar Iden Lecture Series, Lecture 3: "The State of Individuals" (1976)
— Alan Moore English writer primarily known for his work in comic books 1953
Alan Moore on Anarchism (2009)
Kontext: Fascism is a complete abdication of personal responsibility. You are surrendering all responsibility for your own actions to the state on the belief that in unity there is strength, which was the definition of fascism represented by the original roman symbol of the bundle of bound twigs. Yes, it is a very persuasive argument: “In unity there is strength.” But inevitably people tend to come to a conclusion that the bundle of bound twigs will be much stronger if all the twigs are of a uniform size and shape, that there aren’t any oddly shaped or bent twigs that are disturbing the bundle. So it goes from “in unity there is strength” to “in uniformity there is strength” and from there it proceeds to the excesses of fascism as we’ve seen them exercised throughout the 20th century and into the 21st.
Now anarchy, on the other hand, is almost starting from the principle that “in diversity, there is strength,” which makes much more sense from the point of view of looking at the natural world. Nature, and the forces of evolution — if you happen to be living in a country where they still believe in the forces of evolution, of course — did not really see fit to follow that “in unity and in uniformity there is strength” idea. If you want to talk about successful species, then you’re talking about bats and beetles; there are thousands of different varieties of different bat and beetle.
„The secret to economic growth lay in the fact that that each generation attacked Nature not only with its own energies and resources, but with the heritage of equipment accumulated by its forebears.“
— Robert L. Heilbroner, buch The Worldly Philosophers
Quelle: The Worldly Philosophers (1953), Chapter X, The Modern World, p. 278
„The rise of the modern corporation has brought a concentration of economic power which can compete on equal terms with the modern state - economic power versus political power, each strong in its own field. The state seeks in some aspects to regulate the corporation, while the corporation, steadily becoming more powerful, makes every effort to avoid such regulation… The future may see the economic organism, now typified by the corporation, not only on an equal plane with the state, but possibly even superseding it as the dominant form of social organization. The law of corporations, accordingly, might well be considered as a potential constitutional law for the new economic state, while business practice is increasingly assuming the aspect of economic statesmanship.“
— Adolf A. Berle American diplomat 1895 - 1971
Quelle: The Modern Corporation and Private Property. 1932/1967, p. 357 (1967, p. 313)
„To place Russian communism on the same moral level with Nazi fascism, because both are totalitarian, is, at best, superficial, in the worse case it is fascism. He who insists on this equality may be a democrat; in truth and in his heart, he is already a fascist, and will surely fight fascism with insincerity and appearance, but with complete hatred only communism.“
— Thomas Mann German novelist, and 1929 Nobel Prize laureate 1875 - 1955
Essays, ed. by H.Kurzke, Frankfurt 1986, vol. 2, p. 311
„Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type… he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.“
— Walter Rauschenbusch United States Baptist theologian 1861 - 1918
Quelle: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 47
Kontext: Men are seizing on Jesus as the exponent of their own social convictions. They all claim him.... But in truth Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type... he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.
„What other applications this principle of Authority, once adopted in the economic sphere, will develop is very evident. It means the absolute control by the majority of all individual conduct.“
— Benjamin Ricketson Tucker American journalist and anarchist 1854 - 1939
State Socialism and Anarchism: How Far They Agree, and Wherin They Differ (1888)
Kontext: What other applications this principle of Authority, once adopted in the economic sphere, will develop is very evident. It means the absolute control by the majority of all individual conduct. The right of such control is already admitted by the State Socialists, though they maintain that, as a matter of fact, the individual would be allowed a much larger liberty than he now enjoys. But he would only be allowed it; he could not claim it as his own. There would be no foundation of society upon a guaranteed equality of the largest possible liberty. Such liberty as might exist would exist by sufferance and could be taken away at any moment. Constitutional guarantees would be of no avail. There would be but one article in the constitution of a State Socialistic country: “The right of the majority is absolute.”
„The idea of the State being a sort of apotheosis of the People, their ultimate expression and good, was invented for the modern age by the German philosopher, Hegel, and both Karl Marx, the father of Communism, and Mussolini, the inventor of Fascism,…“
— Dorothy Thompson American journalist and radio broadcaster 1893 - 1961
Dorothy Thompson’s Political Guide: A Study of American Liberalism and its Relationship to Modern Totalitarian States (1938)
Quelle: A Study of American Liberalism and its Relationship to Modern Totalitarian States (1938)
„In Fascism, as in Communism, the idea of the future was based on a critique of bourgeois modernity… It rose from a variety of currents and from authors of very different origins, all of whom demonized the bourgeoisie. The doctrine was cast as post-Marxist, not as pre-liberal.“
— François Furet French historian 1927 - 1997
Quelle: The Passing of an Illusion, The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century (1999), p. 175