„Thus, fascism adopted the economic aspect of liberalism but completely denied its philosophical principles and the intellectual and moral heritage of modernity.“

Quelle: The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution, 1994, p.7

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Zeev Sternhell Foto
Zeev Sternhell
israelischer Politologe 1935

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Mohammad Mosaddegh Foto
Slavoj Žižek Foto
Tullio De Mauro Foto

„It is not possible to fully understand modern world culture without appreciating its connection and its continuity with the heritage of classical culture.“

—  Tullio De Mauro Italian linguist 1932 - 2017

Claudio Gentili, “Time out” for Classical Studies? The Future of Italian Liceo Classico in the 4.0 world https://www.researchgate.net/deref/http%3A%2F%2Fdx.doi.org%2F10.15581%2F004.33.127-143, in Estudios Sobre Educacion, 33:127-143, October 2017.

Umberto Eco Foto

„The official Fascist intellectuals were mainly engaged in attacking modern culture and the liberal intelligentsia for having betrayed traditional values.“

—  Umberto Eco Italian semiotician, essayist, philosopher, literary critic, and novelist 1932 - 2016

Ur-Fascism (1995)
Kontext: [Ur-Fascism] depends on the cult of action for action's sake. Action being beautiful in itself, it must be taken before, or without, any previous reflection. Thinking is a form of emasculation. Therefore culture is suspect insofar as it is identified with critical attitudes. Distrust of the intellectual world has always been a symptom of Ur-Fascism, from Goering's alleged statement ("When I hear talk of culture I reach for my gun") to the frequent use of such expressions as "degenerate intellectuals," "eggheads," "effete snobs," "universities are a nest of reds." The official Fascist intellectuals were mainly engaged in attacking modern culture and the liberal intelligentsia for having betrayed traditional values.

Benjamin Disraeli Foto

„My objection to Liberalism is this—that it is the introduction into the practical business of life of the highest kind—namely, politics—of philosophical ideas instead of political principles.“

—  Benjamin Disraeli British Conservative politician, writer, aristocrat and Prime Minister 1804 - 1881

Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1848/jun/05/expulsion-of-the-british-ambassador-from in the House of Commons (5 June 1848).
1840s

W. Brian Arthur Foto

„Where we observe the predominance of one technology or one economic outcome over its competitors we should thus be cautious of any exercise that seeks the means by which the winner's innate 'superiority' came to be translated into adoption.“

—  W. Brian Arthur American economist 1946

Quelle: Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns and Lock-in by Historical Events, (1989), p. 127, as cited in: John Gowdy (1994) Coevolutionary Economics: The Economy, Society and the Environment. p. 148

Michael J. Sandel Foto
Kevin Rudd Foto

„We have seen this complete right wing takeover of modern liberalism, and it is an ugly spectacle to behold.“

—  Kevin Rudd Australian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Australia 1957

Rudd's first speech as Labor leader
Speaking of John Howard's Liberal government.
2006

Zeev Sternhell Foto
Alan Moore Foto

„Fascism is a complete abdication of personal responsibility.“

—  Alan Moore English writer primarily known for his work in comic books 1953

Alan Moore on Anarchism (2009)
Kontext: Fascism is a complete abdication of personal responsibility. You are surrendering all responsibility for your own actions to the state on the belief that in unity there is strength, which was the definition of fascism represented by the original roman symbol of the bundle of bound twigs. Yes, it is a very persuasive argument: “In unity there is strength.” But inevitably people tend to come to a conclusion that the bundle of bound twigs will be much stronger if all the twigs are of a uniform size and shape, that there aren’t any oddly shaped or bent twigs that are disturbing the bundle. So it goes from “in unity there is strength” to “in uniformity there is strength” and from there it proceeds to the excesses of fascism as we’ve seen them exercised throughout the 20th century and into the 21st.
Now anarchy, on the other hand, is almost starting from the principle that “in diversity, there is strength,” which makes much more sense from the point of view of looking at the natural world. Nature, and the forces of evolution — if you happen to be living in a country where they still believe in the forces of evolution, of course — did not really see fit to follow that “in unity and in uniformity there is strength” idea. If you want to talk about successful species, then you’re talking about bats and beetles; there are thousands of different varieties of different bat and beetle.

Adolf A. Berle Foto
Thomas Mann Foto
Walter Rauschenbusch Foto

„Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type… he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.“

—  Walter Rauschenbusch United States Baptist theologian 1861 - 1918

Quelle: Christianity and the Social Crisis (1907), Ch.2 The Social Aims of Jesus, p. 47
Kontext: Men are seizing on Jesus as the exponent of their own social convictions. They all claim him.... But in truth Jesus was not a social reformer of the modern type... he approached these facts purely from the moral, and not from the economic or historical point of view.

Benjamin Ricketson Tucker Foto

„What other applications this principle of Authority, once adopted in the economic sphere, will develop is very evident. It means the absolute control by the majority of all individual conduct.“

—  Benjamin Ricketson Tucker American journalist and anarchist 1854 - 1939

¶ 13
State Socialism and Anarchism: How Far They Agree, and Wherin They Differ (1888)
Kontext: What other applications this principle of Authority, once adopted in the economic sphere, will develop is very evident. It means the absolute control by the majority of all individual conduct. The right of such control is already admitted by the State Socialists, though they maintain that, as a matter of fact, the individual would be allowed a much larger liberty than he now enjoys. But he would only be allowed it; he could not claim it as his own. There would be no foundation of society upon a guaranteed equality of the largest possible liberty. Such liberty as might exist would exist by sufferance and could be taken away at any moment. Constitutional guarantees would be of no avail. There would be but one article in the constitution of a State Socialistic country: “The right of the majority is absolute.”

Dorothy Thompson Foto

„The idea of the State being a sort of apotheosis of the People, their ultimate expression and good, was invented for the modern age by the German philosopher, Hegel, and both Karl Marx, the father of Communism, and Mussolini, the inventor of Fascism,…“

—  Dorothy Thompson American journalist and radio broadcaster 1893 - 1961

Dorothy Thompson’s Political Guide: A Study of American Liberalism and its Relationship to Modern Totalitarian States (1938)
Quelle: A Study of American Liberalism and its Relationship to Modern Totalitarian States (1938)
p. 102

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