„Public officers are the servants and agents of the people, to execute the laws which the people have made.“

Letter accepting the nomination for governor of New York (October 1882).

Übernommen aus Wikiquote. Letzte Aktualisierung 3. Juni 2021. Geschichte
Grover Cleveland Foto
Grover Cleveland1
22. sowie 24. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten 1837 - 1908

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John Adams Foto

„It must be made a sacred maxim, that the militia obey the executive power, which represents the whole people in the execution of laws.“

—  John Adams 2nd President of the United States 1735 - 1826

Quelle: 1780s, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government (1787), Ch. 3 Marchamont Nedham : Errors of Government and Rules of Policy" Sixth Rule <!-- The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States vol. VI (1851) p. 197 -->
Kontext: The militia and sovereignty are inseparable. In the English constitution, if the whole nation were a militia, there would be a militia to defend the crown, the lords, or the commons, if either were attacked. The crown, though it commands them, has no power to use them improperly, because it cannot pay or subsist them without the consent of the lords and commons; but if the militia are to obey a sovereignty in a single assembly, it is commanded, paid, and subsisted, and a standing army, too, may be raised, paid, and subsisted, by the vote of a majority; the militia, then, must all obey the sovereign majority, or divide, and part follow the majority, and part the minority. This last case is civil war; but, until it comes to this, the whole militia may be employed by the majority in any degree of tyranny and oppression over the minority. The constitution furnishes no resource or remedy; nothing affords a chance of relief but rebellion and civil war. If this terminates in favor of the minority, they will tyrannize in their turn, exasperated by revenge, in addition to ambition and avarice; if the majority prevail, their domination becomes more cruel, and soon ends in one despot. It must be made a sacred maxim, that the militia obey the executive power, which represents the whole people in the execution of laws. To suppose arms in the hands of citizens, to be used at individual discretion, except in private self-defence, or by partial orders of towns, counties, or districts of a state, is to demolish every constitution, and lay the laws prostrate, so that liberty can be enjoyed by no man; it is a dissolution of the government. The fundamental law of the militia is, that it be created, directed, and commanded by the laws, and ever for the support of the laws.

John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Foto
Heather Brooke Foto

„The public pay for and elect the government and it is only by the people’s will that those in public office hold power. Public servants’ primary responsibility is to serve the people and we have a right to know what they are doing in our name and with our money. Public accountability does not end the day after an election.“

—  Heather Brooke American journalist 1970

Newsletter (UK) http://www.newsletter.co.uk/community/columnists/maurice-neill-upholding-our-right-to-accountability-1-3856967 "MAURICE NEILL: Upholding our right to accountability", 18 May 2012.
Attributed, In the Media

Benjamin Harrison Foto

„There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President shall take the oath of office in the presence of the people, but there is so manifest an appropriateness in the public induction to office of the chief executive officer of the nation that from the beginning of the Government the people, to whose service the official oath consecrates the officer, have been called to witness the solemn ceremonial.“

—  Benjamin Harrison American politician, 23rd President of the United States (in office from 1889 to 1893) 1833 - 1901

Inaugural address (1889)
Kontext: There is no constitutional or legal requirement that the President shall take the oath of office in the presence of the people, but there is so manifest an appropriateness in the public induction to office of the chief executive officer of the nation that from the beginning of the Government the people, to whose service the official oath consecrates the officer, have been called to witness the solemn ceremonial. The oath taken in the presence of the people becomes a mutual covenant. The officer covenants to serve the whole body of the people by a faithful execution of the laws, so that they may be the unfailing defense and security of those who respect and observe them, and that neither wealth, station, nor the power of combinations shall be able to evade their just penalties or to wrest them from a beneficent public purpose to serve the ends of cruelty or selfishness.

H.L. Mencken Foto

„Laws are no longer made by a rational process of public discussion; they are made by a process of blackmail and intimidation, and they are executed in the same manner.“

—  H.L. Mencken American journalist and writer 1880 - 1956

The American Mercury (May 1930)
1930s
Kontext: Laws are no longer made by a rational process of public discussion; they are made by a process of blackmail and intimidation, and they are executed in the same manner. The typical lawmaker of today is a man wholly devoid of principle — a mere counter in a grotesque and knavish game. If the right pressure could be applied to him, he would be cheerfully in favor of polygamy, astrology or cannibalism.
It is the aim of the Bill of Rights, if it has any remaining aim at all, to curb such prehensile gentry. Its function is to set a limitation upon their power to harry and oppress us to their own private profit. The Fathers, in framing it, did not have powerful minorities in mind; what they sought to hobble was simply the majority. But that is a detail. The important thing is that the Bill of Rights sets forth, in the plainest of plain language, the limits beyond which even legislatures may not go. The Supreme Court, in Marbury v. Madison, decided that it was bound to execute that intent, and for a hundred years that doctrine remained the corner-stone of American constitutional law.

Ellen Brown Foto

„Money might... indeed become a servant of humanity, transformed from a tool of oppression into a means of securing common prosperity. But first the central bank needs to become a public servant. It needs to be made a public utility, responsive to the needs of the people and the economy.“

—  Ellen Brown American writer 1945

The Fed’s “Emergency Measures” Are Becoming the New Normal, TruthOut https://truthout.org/articles/qe-forever-the-feds-dramatic-about-face/ (27 February 2019)

Edmund Burke Foto

„To execute laws is a royal office; to execute orders is not to be a king. However, a political executive magistracy, though merely such, is a great trust.“

—  Edmund Burke, buch Reflections on the Revolution in France

Volume iii, p. 497
Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)

„The task will be more fruitfully performed if the citizen, and his agents in public offices, understand the ecology of government.“

—  John M. Gaus American political scientist 1894 - 1969

Quelle: Reflections on public administration, 1947, p. 19

H.L. Mencken Foto

„No one in this world, so far as I know—and I have researched the records for years, and employed agents to help me—has ever lost money by underestimating the intelligence of the great masses of the plain people. Nor has anyone ever lost public office thereby.“

—  H.L. Mencken American journalist and writer 1880 - 1956

'Notes On Journalism' http://books.google.com/books?id=52L2eI9mwlcC&q=&quot;No+one+in+this+world+so+far+as+I+know+and+I+have+searched+the+record+for+years+and+employed+agents+to+help+me+has+ever+lost+money+by+underestimating+the+intelligence+of+the+great+masses+of+the+plain+people&quot;&pg=PA28#v=onepage in the Chicago Tribune ( 19 September 1926 http://archives.chicagotribune.com/1926/09/19/page/87/article/notes-on-journalism)
The first sentence is often paraphrased as "No one ever went broke underestimating the intelligence of the American people." (The Yale Book of Quotations, 2006, p. 512)
1920s
Quelle: Gist of Mencken

Huey P. Newton Foto

„Laws should be made to serve the people. People should not be made to serve the laws.“

—  Huey P. Newton Co-founder of the Black Panther Party 1942 - 1989

Quelle: To Die for the People: The Writings of Huey P. Newton

Robert M. La Follette Sr. Foto
Barack Obama Foto
Michel Foucault Foto

„In the ceremonies of the public execution, the main character was the people, whose real and immediate presence was required for the performance.“

—  Michel Foucault, buch Überwachen und Strafen

Quelle: Discipline and Punish (1977), Chapter One, pp. 56

Abd al-Karim Qasim Foto
William Ewart Gladstone Foto
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Foto
Johann Gottlieb Fichte Foto
Thomas Hobbes Foto

„The office of the sovereign, be it a monarch or an assembly, consisteth in the end for which he was trusted with the sovereign power, namely the procuration of the safety of the people, to which he is obliged by the law of nature“

—  Thomas Hobbes, buch Leviathan

The Second Part, Chapter 30: Of the Office of the Sovereign Representative.
Leviathan (1651)
Kontext: The office of the sovereign, be it a monarch or an assembly, consisteth in the end for which he was trusted with the sovereign power, namely the procuration of the safety of the people, to which he is obliged by the law of nature, and to render an account thereof to God, the Author of that law, and to none but Him. But by safety here is not meant a bare preservation, but also all other contentments of life, which every man by lawful industry, without danger or hurt to the Commonwealth, shall acquire to himself.
And this is intended should be done, not by care applied to individuals, further than their protection from injuries when they shall complain; but by a general providence, contained in public instruction, both of doctrine and example; and in the making and executing of good laws to which individual persons may apply their own cases.

Thucydides Foto

„For the true author of the subjugation of a people is not so much the immediate agent, as the power which permits it having the means to prevent it.“

—  Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War

Book I, 69.
History of the Peloponnesian War, Book I

George Mason Foto

„That all power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without consent of the representatives of the people, is injurious to their rights, and ought not to be exercised.“

—  George Mason American delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention 1725 - 1792

Article 7
Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776)

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