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Vegetius

Geburtstag: 400
Todesdatum: 450
Andere Namen:Flavius Vegetius Renatus,Флавий Вегеций Ренат

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Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus war ein Kriegstheoretiker des ausgehenden 4. Jahrhunderts. Von seinem Leben, seinem Werdegang und seinen militärischen Erfahrungen ist wenig bekannt. In antiken Quellen wird er vir illustris und comes genannt. Demnach gehörte er der hohen römischen Reichsaristokratie an und war Angehöriger des Kaiserhofes. In der Vorrede seines Hauptwerks bezeichnet er sich als Christ.

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Zitate Vegetius

„Die Straße, auf der die Feinde fliehen, muss man bahnen.“

—  Vegetius
Epitoma rei militaris, III, Kap. 21, nach Scipio

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„An army unsupplied with grain and other necessary provisions will be vanquished without striking a blow.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: An army unsupplied with grain and other necessary provisions will be vanquished without striking a blow. (General Maxims)

„Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: An army is strengthened by labor and enervated by idleness. Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success. (General Maxims)

„It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you. It is therefore a maxim never to do, or to omit doing, anything as a consequence of his actions, but to consult invariably your own interest only. And you depart from this interest whenever you imitate such measures as he pursues for his benefit. For the same reason, it would be wrong for him to follow such steps as you take for your advantage. (General Maxims)

„Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: It is much better to overcome the enemy by famine, surprise or terror than by general actions, for in the latter instance fortune has often a greater share than valour. Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution. Opportunity in war is often more to be depended on than courage. (General Maxims)

„A handful of men, inured to war, proceed to certain victory, while on the contrary numerous armies of raw and undisciplined troops are but multitudes of men dragged to slaughter.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: A handful of men, inured to war, proceed to certain victory, while on the contrary numerous armies of raw and undisciplined troops are but multitudes of men dragged to slaughter. (Book 1)

„A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor; on the contrary a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor; on the contrary a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal. (Book 1)

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„The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession,“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession, and he only wants an opportunity to execute what he is convinced he has been perfectly taught. (Book 1)

„Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: On finding the enemy has notice of your designs, you must immediately alter your plan of operations. Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself. (General Maxims)

„Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: Punishment, and fear thereof, are necessary to keep soldiers in order in quarters; but in the field they are more influenced by hope and rewards. Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity. (General Maxims)

„We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war.“

— Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: Victory in war does not depend entirely upon numbers or mere courage; only skill and discipline will insure it. We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war. Without these, what chance would the inconsiderable numbers of the Roman armies have had against the multitudes of the Gauls? Or with what success would their small size have been opposed to the prodigious stature of the Germans? The Spaniards surpassed us not only in numbers, but in physical strength. We were always inferior to the Africans in wealth and unequal to them in deception and stratagem. And the Greeks, indisputably, were far superior to us in skill in arts and all kinds of knowledge. (Book 1)

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