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Thomas Paine

Geburtstag: 9. Februar 1737
Todesdatum: 8. Juni 1809
Andere Namen: Пейн Томас

Thomas Paine, geboren als Thomas Pain, war ein einflussreicher politischer Intellektueller und einer der Gründerväter der Vereinigten Staaten im Zeitalter der Aufklärung. Wikipedia

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Zitate Thomas Paine

„Unabhängigkeit ist mein Glück, und ich sehe die Dinge wie sie sind ohne Rücksicht auf Ort oder Person: mein Vaterland ist die Welt, und meine Religion ist Gutes thun.“

—  Thomas Paine, buch Die Rechte des Menschen

Die Rechte des Menschen: Aus dem Englischen übersetzt. Worin Grundsatz und Ausübung verbunden sind. Zweiter Theil, Kopenhagen 1792, S. 115
Original engl.: "Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good." - "Rights of Man" (1792), Part Two, Chapter V, en.wikisource https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Rights_of_Man

„Die Gesellschaft ist in jedem Zustande ein Segen, während die Regierung selbst im besten Zustande nur ein nothwendiges, im schlechtesten Zustande aber ein unerträgliches Uebel ist; […].“

—  Thomas Paine

Der gesunde Menschenverstand, in: Die politischen Werke von Thomas Paine, Erster Band, Philadelphia 1852. S. 178
Original engl.: "Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one; [...]." - Common Sense (14. Februar 1776), Philadelphia: Bradford. MDCCLXXVI. p. 7 , en.wikisource http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Common_Sense

„The trade of governing has always been monopolized by the most ignorant and the most rascally individuals of mankind.“

—  Thomas Paine

Earliest citation to Paine appears to be in "Freedom: A Journal of Anarchist Communism Vol. XXIV" https://books.google.com/books?id=ITYfh67DKncC&pg=RA11-PA33&lpg=RA11-PA33&dq=The+trade+of+governing+has+always+been+monopolized+by+the+most+ignorant+and+the+most+rascally+individuals+of+mankind.&source=bl&ots=8DHXw2Ix1C&sig=ACfU3U3Bk_9QoyDZh_LDcoEB83cEaDWTcQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjp3I6MqOXxAhW2KVkFHfEsDb0Q6AEwBXoECBEQAw#v=onepage&q=The%20trade%20of%20governing%20has%20always%20been%20monopolized%20by%20the%20most%20ignorant%20and%20the%20most%20rascally%20individuals%20of%20mankind.&f=false. Not found in any of his works.
Misattributed

„The World is my country, all mankind are my brethren, and to do good is my religion.“

—  Thomas Paine

Commonly attributed to Paine, even on memorials https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Paine_Plaque_NY.jpg|, and justly describes his ideals, but found nowhere in his writings. It is actually is derived from a quote in Rights of Man: Part 2, "My country is the world, and my religion is to do good."
Misattributed

„It is the duty of every patriot to protect his country from its government.“

—  Thomas Paine

Edward Abbey, "A patriot must always be ready to defend his country against his government." as written in "A Voice Crying in the Wilderness" (Vox Clamantis en Deserto): Notes from a Secret Journal (1990), ISBN 0312064888.
Misattributed

„Give to every other human being every right that you claim for yourself—that is my doctrine.“

—  Thomas Paine

Robert Green Ingersoll: "...my religion is simply this: <i>First</i>. Give to every other human being every right that you claim for yourself. <i>Second</i>..." in "The Limitations of Toleration" (The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, vol. 7, pp. 217-260, quotation on p. 258).
Misattributed

„Lead, follow, or get out of the way.“

—  Thomas Paine

George S. Patton: "Lead me, follow me, or get out of my way", as quoted in Pocket Patriot: Quotes from American Heroes (2005) edited by Kelly Nickell, p. 157
Misattributed

„Perhaps the sentiments contained in the following pages, are not YET sufficiently fashionable to procure them general favour; a long habit of not thinking a thing WRONG, gives it a superficial appearance of being RIGHT, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defense of custom. But the tumult soon subsides. Time makes more converts than reason.“

—  Thomas Paine

A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defense of custom. Explanation: Paine explained the need to speak out against a tyrannical power, notably Britain and King George III, because not doing so could be a dangerous action on its own. A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defense of custom. This first part actually has two sections on its own. In the first half, Paine says it’s important to note the “wrongs” that occur when injustices are clear — not doing so gives them the “appearance of being right.” In the second half, he notes that people’s first reactions to those complaints are always to side on the side of “custom” — that is, to oppose attacks against institutions.
But the tumult soon subsides. Time makes more converts than reason. Explanation: Most Americans are not in favor of impeachment at this moment. It’s a reaction against a guarded institution — and citizens are going to behave in ways that make it seem they’re against the idea, by giving a “defense of custom,” as Paine put it. It should be noted, however, that the same held true for a different president — Richard Nixon. At the onset of investigations, a majority of Americans felt it was a waste of time. As they learned more about his actions as president, the public (including a significant number of Republicans) became more supportive of his ouster.
1770s, Common Sense (1776)
Quelle: Chris Walker (September 25, 2019): A Look Back At Thomas Paine, And Why Impeachment Makes ‘Common’ Sense (Even If You Think It’s A Losing Cause) [Opinion]. In: HillReporter.com. Archived https://web.archive.org/web/20190929202745/https://hillreporter.com/a-look-back-paine-and-why-impeachment-makes-sense-even-if-you-think-its-a-losing-cause-opinion-46555 from the original https://hillreporter.com/a-look-back-paine-and-why-impeachment-makes-sense-even-if-you-think-its-a-losing-cause-opinion-46555 on September 29, 2019.

„It was the cause of America that made me an author. The force with which it struck my mind and the dangerous condition the country appeared to me in, by courting an impossible and an unnatural reconciliation with those who were determined to reduce her, instead of striking out into the only line that could cement and save her, A Declaration Of Independence, made it impossible for me, feeling as I did, to be silent: and if, in the course of more than seven years, I have rendered her any service, I have likewise added something to the reputation of literature, by freely and disinterestedly employing it in the great cause of mankind, and showing that there may be genius without prostitution. Independence always appeared to me practicable and probable, provided the sentiment of the country could be formed and held to the object: and there is no instance in the world, where a people so extended, and wedded to former habits of thinking, and under such a variety of circumstances, were so instantly and effectually pervaded, by a turn in politics, as in the case of independence; and who supported their opinion, undiminished, through such a succession of good and ill fortune, till they crowned it with success. But as the scenes of war are closed, and every man preparing for home and happier times, I therefore take my leave of the subject. I have most sincerely followed it from beginning to end, and through all its turns and windings: and whatever country I may hereafter be in, I shall always feel an honest pride at the part I have taken and acted, and a gratitude to nature and providence for putting it in my power to be of some use to mankind.“

—  Thomas Paine

The Crisis No. XIII
1770s, The American Crisis (1776&ndash;1783)

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