Zitate von Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore Foto
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Rabindranath Tagore

Geburtstag: 7. Mai 1861
Todesdatum: 7. August 1941
Andere Namen: Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore bzw. war ein bengalischer Dichter, Philosoph, Maler, Komponist, Musiker und Brahmo-Samaj-Anhänger, der 1913 den Nobelpreis für Literatur erhielt und damit der erste asiatische Nobelpreisträger war.

Tagore revolutionierte in einer als „Bengalische Renaissance“ bekannten Zeit die bengalische Literatur mit Werken wie Ghare baire oder Gitanjali und erweiterte die bengalische Kunst mit einer Unzahl von Gedichten, Kurzgeschichten, Briefen, Essays und Bildern. Er war ein engagierter Kultur- und Sozialreformer sowie Universalgelehrter. Die Kunst seiner Heimat modernisierte er, indem er ihre strikte Struktur und klassische Formensprache gezielt angriff. Zwei seiner Lieder sind heute die Nationalhymnen von Bangladesch und Indien: Amar Shonar Bangla und Jana Gana Mana. Tagore wurde als Gurudeb bezeichnet, ein Ehrentitel, der sich auf Guru und Deva bezieht. Wikipedia

Werk

Gitanjali
Gitanjali
Rabindranath Tagore

„Das Hauptziel des Lehrens ist nicht, Bedeutungen zu erklären, sondern an die Tür des Geistes zu klopfen.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Jivansmriti (Meine Lebenserinnerungen), zitiert nach Christine Kupfer: Bildung zum Weltmenschen. Rabindranath Tagores Philosophie und Pädagogik, Transcript, Bielefeld 2014, ISBN 978-3-8376-2544-8, S. 303, Google Books https://books.google.de/books?id=ur7WBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA303&dq=%22das+hauptziel%22
Engl.: "The main object of teaching is not to explain meanings, but to knock at the door of the mind." - My Reminiscences, The Macmillan Company, New York 1917, S. 116, Internet Archive https://archive.org/stream/MyReminiscences-English-RabindranathTagore/tagorememory#117

„DER GLEICHE Strom des Lebens, // der Tag und Nacht durch meine Adern // fließt, fließt durch die Welt und tanzt in // rhythmischen Maßen.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore, buch Gitanjali

Gitanjali (Sangesopfer), Kurt Wolff Verlag, München o. J., Nr. 69, Projekt Gutenberg-DE http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/gitanjali-6916/2
Engl.: "[The] same stream of life that runs through my veins night and day runs through the world and dances in rhythmic measures." - Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Macmillan & Co., London 1913, Nr. 69, Wikisource

„Ich bereiste die ganze Erde, um die Flüsse und Berge zu sehen, und ich gab viel Geld aus. Ich unternahm große Anstrengungen. Ich sah alles, aber ich vergaß, gleich vor meinem Haus einen Tautropfen auf einem kleinen Grashalm zu sehen, einen Tautropfen, der in seiner Konvexität die ganze Welt um dich herum spiegelt.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Eintrag in Satyajit Rays Poesiealbum (1928)
Engl.: "I have travelled all round the world to see the rivers and mountains, and I have spent a lot of money. I have gone to great lengths. I have seen everything but I forgot to see just outside my house a dewdrop on a little blade of grass, a dewdrop which reflects in its convexity the whole universe around you." - Satyajit Rays Übersetzung aus dem Bengalischen, zitiert nach Prabodh Maitra: 100 Years of Cinema, Nandan, Kalkutta 1995, S. 163, Google Books https://books.google.de/books?id=wwdlAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22I+have+travelled%22

„Ich will jedoch nicht zögern, das Große in Europa anzuerkennen, denn Großes hat es ohne Zweifel. Wir können nicht anders als es von Herzen lieben und bewundern – dies Europa, von dem sich in Kunst und Literatur ein unerschöpflicher Strom von Schönheit und Wahrheit ergießt, alle Länder und Zeiten befruchtend; dies Europa, das mit titanischem Geiste in nie ermüdender Kraft die Höhen und Tiefen des Weltalls durchmißt, das unendlich Große und unendlich Kleine mit seinem Wissen umfaßt und alle Kräfte von Herz und Verstand dazu verwendet, die Kranken zu heilen und all das Elend zu mildern, das wir bis jetzt in hoffnungsloser Resignation hinnahmen, dies Europa, das die Erde dahin bringt, uns mehr Frucht zu spenden, als möglich schien, indem es mit Güte und Gewalt alle großen Kräfte der Natur in den Dienst des Menschen zwingt.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Nationalismus, Neuer Geist-Verlag, Leipzig 1918, S. 77 f., Internet Archive https://archive.org/details/nationalismusdeu00tago/page/77
Original engl.: "I must not hesitate to acknowledge where Europe is great, for great she is without doubt. We cannot help loving her with all our heart, and paying her the best homage of our admiration, – the Europe who, in her literature and art, is pouring an inexhaustible cascade of beauty and truth fertilizing all countries and all time; the Europe who, with a mind which is titanic in its untiring power, is sweeping the height and the depth of the universe, winning her homage of knowledge from the infinitely great and the infinitely small, applying all the resources of her great intellect and heart in healing the sick and alleviating those miseries of man which up till now we were contented to accept in a spirit of hopeless resignation; the Europe who is making the earth yield more fruit than seemed possible, coaxing and compelling the great forces of nature into man's service." - Nationalism, The Macmillan Company, New York 1917, S. 82 f., Internet Archive https://archive.org/details/nationalism00tagogoog/page/n89

„Müde schlief ich auf müßigem Bette // Im Wahn, daß die Arbeit ein Ende hätte. // Am Morgen, da wachte ich auf und fand, // Daß mein Garten voll Blumenwundern stand.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Geheimes Wachsen, in: Lyrik des Ostens, Carl Hanser Verlag, München 1952, S. 223, Internet Archive https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.286211/page/n221
Engl.: "I was tired and sleeping on my idle bed and imagined all work had ceased. In the morning I woke up and found my garden full with wonders of flowers." - Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Macmillan & Co., London 1913, Nr. 81, Wikisource

„I cannot but bring to your mind those days when the whole of Eastern Asia, from Burma to Japan was united with India in the closest ties of friendship…“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore, Essays, Nationalism in Japan, Atlantic Publishers & Dist, 2007 p.471, and quoted in A Look at India From the Views of Other Scholars, by Stephen Knapp https://www.stephen-knapp.com/a_look_at_india_from_the_views_of_other_scholars.htm

„It exists to show that the bonds of law can only be explained by love; they are like body and soul. Joy is the realisation of the truth of oneness, the oneness of our soul with the world and of the world-soul with the supreme lover.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: Compulsion is not indeed the final appeal to man, but joy is. And joy is everywhere; it is in the earth's green covering of grass; in the blue serenity of the sky; in the reckless exuberance of spring; in the severe abstinence of grey winter; in the living flesh that animates our bodily frame; in the perfect poise of the human figure, noble and upright; in living; in the exercise of all our powers; in the acquisition of knowledge; in fighting evils; in dying for gains we never can share. Joy is there everywhere; it is superfluous, unnecessary; nay, it very often contradicts the most peremptory behests of necessity. It exists to show that the bonds of law can only be explained by love; they are like body and soul. Joy is the realisation of the truth of oneness, the oneness of our soul with the world and of the world-soul with the supreme lover.

„We never can have a true view of man unless we have a love for him. Civilisation must be judged and prized, not by the amount of power it has developed, but by how much it has evolved and given expression to, by its laws and institutions, the love of humanity.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: We never can have a true view of man unless we have a love for him. Civilisation must be judged and prized, not by the amount of power it has developed, but by how much it has evolved and given expression to, by its laws and institutions, the love of humanity. The first question and the last which it has to answer is, Whether and how far it recognises man more as a spirit than a machine? Whenever some ancient civilisation fell into decay and died, it was owing to causes which produced callousness of heart and led to the cheapening of man's worth; when either the state or some powerful group of men began to look upon the people as a mere instrument of their power; when, by compelling weaker races to slavery and trying to keep them down by every means, man struck at the foundation of his greatness, his own love of freedom and fair-play. Civilisation can never sustain itself upon cannibalism of any form. For that by which alone man is true can only be nourished by love and justice.

„In love all the contradictions of existence merge themselves and are lost. Only in love are unity and duality not at variance.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: In love all the contradictions of existence merge themselves and are lost. Only in love are unity and duality not at variance. Love must be one and two at the same time.
Only love is motion and rest in one. Our heart ever changes its place till it finds love, and then it has its rest. But this rest itself is an intense form of activity where utter quiescence and unceasing energy meet at the same point in love.
In love, loss and gain are harmonised. In its balance-sheet, credit and debit accounts are in the same column, and gifts are added to gains. In this wonderful festival of creation, this great ceremony of self-sacrifice of God, the lover constantly gives himself up to gain himself in love. Indeed, love is what brings together and inseparably connects both the act of abandoning and that of receiving.

„The human soul is on its journey from the law to love, from discipline to liberation, from the moral plane to the spiritual.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: The human soul is on its journey from the law to love, from discipline to liberation, from the moral plane to the spiritual. Buddha preached the discipline of self-restraint and moral life; it is a complete acceptance of law. But this bondage of law cannot be an end by itself; by mastering it thoroughly we acquire the means of getting beyond it. It is going back to Brahma, to the infinite love, which is manifesting itself through the finite forms of law.

„In love, at one of its poles you find the personal, and at the other the impersonal. At one you have the positive assertion — Here I am; at the other the equally strong denial — I am not.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: In love, at one of its poles you find the personal, and at the other the impersonal. At one you have the positive assertion — Here I am; at the other the equally strong denial — I am not. Without this ego what is love? And again, with only this ego how can love be possible?
Bondage and liberation are not antagonistic in love. For love is most free and at the same time most bound. If God were absolutely free there would be no creation. The infinite being has assumed unto himself the mystery of finitude. And in him who is love the finite and the infinite are made one.

„This "I" of mine toils hard, day and night, for a home which it knows as its own. Alas, there will be no end of its sufferings so long as it is not able to call this home thine.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: This "I" of mine toils hard, day and night, for a home which it knows as its own. Alas, there will be no end of its sufferings so long as it is not able to call this home thine. Till then it will struggle on, and its heart will ever cry, "Ferryman, lead me across." When this home of mine is made thine, that very moment is it taken across, even while its old walls enclose it. This "I" is restless. It is working for a gain which can never be assimilated with its spirit, which it never can hold and retain. In its efforts to clasp in its own arms that which is for all, it hurts others and is hurt in its turn, and cries, "Lead me across". But as soon as it is able to say, "All my work is thine," everything remains the same, only it is taken across.
Where can I meet thee unless in this mine home made thine? Where can I join thee unless in this my work transformed into thy work? If I leave my home I shall not reach thy home; if I cease my work I can never join thee in thy work. For thou dwellest in me and I in thee. Thou without me or I without thee are nothing.

„Of course man is useful to man, because his body is a marvellous machine and his mind an organ of wonderful efficiency. But he is a spirit as well, and this spirit is truly known only by love.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: Of course man is useful to man, because his body is a marvellous machine and his mind an organ of wonderful efficiency. But he is a spirit as well, and this spirit is truly known only by love. When we define a man by the market value of the service we can expect of him, we know him imperfectly. With this limited knowledge of him it becomes easy for us to be unjust to him and to entertain feelings of triumphant self-congratulation when, on account of some cruel advantage on our side, we can get out of him much more than we have paid for. But when we know him as a spirit we know him as our own. We at once feel that cruelty to him is cruelty to ourselves, to make him small is stealing from our own humanity...

„In its efforts to clasp in its own arms that which is for all, it hurts others and is hurt in its turn, and cries, "Lead me across". But as soon as it is able to say, "All my work is thine," everything remains the same, only it is taken across.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: This "I" of mine toils hard, day and night, for a home which it knows as its own. Alas, there will be no end of its sufferings so long as it is not able to call this home thine. Till then it will struggle on, and its heart will ever cry, "Ferryman, lead me across." When this home of mine is made thine, that very moment is it taken across, even while its old walls enclose it. This "I" is restless. It is working for a gain which can never be assimilated with its spirit, which it never can hold and retain. In its efforts to clasp in its own arms that which is for all, it hurts others and is hurt in its turn, and cries, "Lead me across". But as soon as it is able to say, "All my work is thine," everything remains the same, only it is taken across.
Where can I meet thee unless in this mine home made thine? Where can I join thee unless in this my work transformed into thy work? If I leave my home I shall not reach thy home; if I cease my work I can never join thee in thy work. For thou dwellest in me and I in thee. Thou without me or I without thee are nothing.

„In the region of nature, which is the region of diversity, we grow by acquisition; in the spiritual world, which is the region of unity, we grow by losing ourselves, by uniting.“

—  Rabindranath Tagore

Sādhanā : The Realisation of Life http://www.spiritualbee.com/spiritual-book-by-tagore/ (1916)
Kontext: Though the West has accepted as its teacher him who boldly proclaimed his oneness with his Father, and who exhorted his followers to be perfect as God, it has never been reconciled to this idea of our unity with the infinite being. It condemns, as a piece of blasphemy, any implication of man's becoming God. This is certainly not the idea that Christ preached, nor perhaps the idea of the Christian mystics, but this seems to be the idea that has become popular in the Christian west.
But the highest wisdom in the East holds that it is not the function of our soul to gain God, to utilise him for any special material purpose. All that we can ever aspire to is to become more and more one with God. In the region of nature, which is the region of diversity, we grow by acquisition; in the spiritual world, which is the region of unity, we grow by losing ourselves, by uniting. Gaining a thing, as we have said, is by its nature partial, it is limited only to a particular want; but being is complete, it belongs to our wholeness, it springs not from any necessity but from our affinity with the infinite, which is the principle of perfection that we have in our soul.

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