Zitate von Pythagoras

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Pythagoras

Geburtstag: 585 v.Chr
Todesdatum: 495 v.Chr
Andere Namen: Ze Samu Pýthagorás

Pythagoras von Samos war ein antiker griechischer Philosoph und Gründer einer einflussreichen religiös-philosophischen Bewegung. Als Vierzigjähriger verließ er seine griechische Heimat und wanderte nach Süditalien aus. Dort gründete er eine Schule und betätigte sich auch politisch. Trotz intensiver Bemühungen der Forschung gehört er noch heute zu den rätselhaftesten Persönlichkeiten der Antike. Manche Historiker zählen ihn zu den Pionieren der beginnenden griechischen Philosophie, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft, andere meinen, er sei vorwiegend oder ausschließlich ein Verkünder religiöser Lehren gewesen. Möglicherweise konnte er diese Bereiche verbinden. Die nach ihm benannten Pythagoreer blieben auch nach seinem Tod kulturgeschichtlich bedeutsam.

Zitate Pythagoras

„Alles, was der Mensch den Tieren antut, kommt auf den Menschen wieder zurück.“

—  Pythagoras

vielfach zitiert von Tierschützern wie Tierschutzpartei http://www.tierschutzpartei-sachsen-anhalt.de/Zitate.htm oder Vegetarischen Vereinen http://krishna.ch/147.html
Zugeschrieben

„Alles ist Zahl.“

—  Pythagoras

häufig zitiert als Grundsatz der Pythagoreer; siehe z. B. Hermann S. Schibli: On ‚The One’ in Philolaus, Fragment 7, in: The Classical Quarterly 46, 1996, S. 114–130; Charles H. Kahn: Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans. A Brief History, Indianapolis 2001, S. 28; Leonid Zhmud: Wissenschaft, Philosophie und Religion im frühen Pythagoreismus, Berlin 1997, S. 60–64, 142–151, 261–279; Carl A. Huffman: Philolaus of Croton, Cambridge 1993, S. 57–64.
Zugeschrieben

„Im rechtwinkligen Dreieck ist die Summe der Kathetenquadrate gleich dem Hypotenusenquadrat.“

—  Pythagoras

Satz des Pythagoras, zitiert in Thomas Benesch: Mathematik im Alltag, Verlag Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2008 ISBN 978-3-48658-390-8, S. 3, siehe auch www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de http://www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de/Verschie/Gut_Ref/Pythago/Pythagoras.html
Zugeschrieben

„Erkenntnisspendend ist die Natur der Zahl und führend und lehrend für jeden in jedem, was ihm zweifelhaft und unbekannt ist.“

—  Pythagoras

nach Philolaos, Fragment B 11, zitiert in Oskar Becker: Das mathematische Denken der Antike, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1957, S. 12
Zugeschrieben

„Die Seele ist unsterblich und wechselt den Ort, indem sie von einer Art Lebewesen in eine andere übergeht.“

—  Pythagoras

zitiert in Thomas Benesch: Mathematik im Alltag, Verlag Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2008 ISBN 978-3-48658-390-8, S. 5, siehe auch www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de http://www.didmath.ewf.uni-erlangen.de/Verschie/Gut_Ref/Pythago/Pythagoras.html
Zugeschrieben

„Abstain from animals.“

—  Pythagoras

Symbol 39; explained in the edition used here: "This Symbol exhorts to justice, to all the honour of kindred, to the reception of similar life, and to many other things of a like kind."
The Symbols

„You will know that wretched men are the cause of their own suffering, who neither see nor hear the good that is near them, and few are the ones who know how to secure release from their troubles.“

—  Pythagoras

As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook (1999)
The Golden Verses
Kontext: You will know that wretched men are the cause of their own suffering, who neither see nor hear the good that is near them, and few are the ones who know how to secure release from their troubles. Such is the fate that harms their minds; like pebbles they are tossed about from one thing to another with cares unceasing. For the dread companion Strife harms them unawares, whom one must not walk behind, but withdraw from and flee.

„Eat not the heart.“

—  Pythagoras

Symbol 30; explained in the edition used here: "This Symbol signifies that it is not proper to divulse the union and consent of the universe. And still further it signifies this, Be not envious, but philanthropic and communicative; and from this it exhorts us to philosophize. For philosophy alone among the sciences and arts is neither pained with the goods of others, nor rejoices in evils of neighbours, these being allied and familiar by nature, subject to the like passions, and exposed to one common fortune; and evinces that all men are equally incapable of foreseeing future events. Hence it exhorts us to sympathy and mutual love, and to be truly communicative, as it becomes rational animals.
Variant translation: Do not eat your heart.
The Symbols

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„None but God is wise.“

—  Pythagoras

As quoted in The Diegesis (1829) by Robert Taylor, p. 219

„It is requisite to choose the most excellent life; for custom will make it pleasant.“

—  Pythagoras

"Pythagorean Ethical Sentences From Stobæus" (1904)
Florilegium
Kontext: It is requisite to choose the most excellent life; for custom will make it pleasant. Wealth is an infirm anchor, glory is still more infirm; and in a similar manner, the body, dominion, and honour. For all these are imbecile and powerless. What then are powerful anchors. Prudence, magnanimity, fortitude. These no tempest can shake. This is the Law of God, that virtue is the only thing that is strong; and that every thing else is a trifle.

„Meditate upon my counsels; love them; follow them;
To the divine virtues will they know how to lead thee.“

—  Pythagoras

As translated by Fabre d'Olivet
The Golden Verses
Kontext: Meditate upon my counsels; love them; follow them;
To the divine virtues will they know how to lead thee.
I swear it by the One who in our hearts engraved
The sacred Tetrad, symbol immense and pure,
Source of Nature and model of the Gods.

„Many words befall men, mean and noble alike; do not be astonished by them, nor allow yourself to be constrained.“

—  Pythagoras

As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook. (1999)
The Golden Verses
Kontext: Many words befall men, mean and noble alike; do not be astonished by them, nor allow yourself to be constrained.
If a lie is told, bear with it gently.
But whatever I tell you, let it be done completely.
Let no one persuade you by word or deed to do or say whatever is not best for you.

„Wisdom thoroughly learned, will never be forgotten.“

—  Pythagoras

The Sayings of the Wise (1555)
Kontext: Wisdom thoroughly learned, will never be forgotten.
Science is got by diligence; but Discretion and Wisdom cometh of GOD. <!-- p. 128

„Know that death comes to everyone, and that wealth will sometimes be acquired, sometimes lost.“

—  Pythagoras

As quoted in Divine Harmony: The Life and Teachings of Pythagoras by John Strohmeier and Peter Westbrook. (1999)
The Golden Verses
Kontext: Know that death comes to everyone, and that wealth will sometimes be acquired, sometimes lost. Whatever griefs mortals suffer by divine chance, whatever destiny you have, endure it and do not complain. But it is right to improve it as much as you can, and remember this: Fate does not give very many of these griefs to good people.

„There is no word or action but has its echo in Eternity.“

—  Pythagoras

As quoted in Pythagoron: The Religious, Moral, and Ethical Teachings of Pythagoras (1947) by Hobart Huson, p. 99
Kontext: There is no word or action but has its echo in Eternity.
Thought is an Idea in transit, which when once released, never can be lured back, nor the spoken word recalled. Nor ever can the overt act be erased All that thou thinkest, sayest, or doest bears perpetual record of itself, enduring for Eternity.

„None but a Craftsman can judge of a craft.“

—  Pythagoras

The Sayings of the Wise (1555)
Kontext: None but a Craftsman can judge of a craft. <!-- p. 161

„Abstain from beans.“

—  Pythagoras

Symbol 37; This was long thought by many to be simply a dietary proscription, and often ridiculed, but many consider it to have originally been intended as advice against getting involved in politics, for voting on issues in his time was often done by using differently colored beans. Others have stated that it might signify a more general admonition against relying on the votes of people to determine truths of reality. The explanation provided in the translation used here states: "This Symbol admonishes us to beware of everything which is corruptive of our converse with the gods and divine prophecy."
The Symbols
Original: (el) Κυάμων ἀπέχεσθαι
Variante: Abstain from animals.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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