Zitate von Michail Bakunin

Michail Bakunin Foto
5   1

Michail Bakunin

Geburtstag: 18. Mai 1814
Todesdatum: 19. Juni 1876
Andere Namen: Michail Alexandrowitsch Bakunin, Mijaíl Bakunin, Michail Aleksandrovič Bakunin, Michail Alexandrovič Bakunin, Mijaíl Alexándróvich Bakunin

Michail Alexandrowitsch Bakunin, russisch Михаил Александрович Бакунин, wiss. Transliteration Michail Aleksandrovič Bakunin war ein russischer Revolutionär und Anarchist. Er gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker, Aktivisten und Organisatoren der anarchistischen Bewegung.

Bakunin entstammte einer alten russischen Adelsfamilie. Er war Artillerieoffizier und Mathematiklehrer. Durch seinen Aufenthalt in Westeuropa mit vielen revolutionären Persönlichkeiten bekannt, nahm er 1848 an den Erhebungen in Paris und Prag sowie 1849 an führender Stelle in Dresden teil. Nach der Niederschlagung des Dresdner Maiaufstands wurde Bakunin festgenommen und interniert. Er verbrachte acht Jahre in Gefängnissen und weitere vier Jahre in sibirischer Verbannung, bis ihm die Flucht gelang. Seine darauf folgenden revolutionären Aktivitäten konzentrierte er im Wesentlichen auf das zu seiner Zeit dreigeteilte Polen und das neugegründete Italien.

Bakunin entwickelte die Idee des kollektivistischen Anarchismus. In der Internationalen Arbeiterassoziation war Bakunin die Hauptfigur der Antiautoritären und mit Generalratsmitglied Karl Marx im Konflikt, was zur Spaltung der Internationale führte und gleichzeitig zur Trennung der anarchistischen Bewegung von der kommunistischen Bewegung und der Sozialdemokratie. Wikipedia

Photo: Nadar, The New York Public Library / Public domain

Werk

Gott und der Staat
Michail Bakunin

Zitate Michail Bakunin

„Wenn Gott wirklich existierte, müsste man ihn beseitigen.“

—  Michail Bakunin, buch Gott und der Staat

Gott und der Staat

„Die Lust der Zerstörung ist gleichzeitig eine schaffende Lust.“

—  Michail Bakunin

Über die Reaktion in Deutschland

„A person is strong only when he stands upon his own truth, when he speaks and acts from his deepest convictions. Then, whatever the situation he may be in, he always knows what he must say and do. He may fall, but he cannot bring shame upon himself or his cause.“

—  Mikhail Bakunin, buch Gott und der Staat

God and the State (1871; publ. 1882)
Kontext: A person is strong only when he stands upon his own truth, when he speaks and acts from his deepest convictions. Then, whatever the situation he may be in, he always knows what he must say and do. He may fall, but he cannot bring shame upon himself or his cause. If we seek the liberation of the people by means of a lie, we will surely grow confused, go astray, and lose sight of our objective, and if we have any influence at all on the people we will lead them astray as well — in other words, we will be acting in the spirit of reaction and to its benefit.

„No, I mean the only kind of liberty that is worthy of the name, liberty that consists in the full development of all the material, intellectual and moral powers that are latent in each person; liberty that recognizes no restrictions other than those determined by the laws of our own individual nature, which cannot properly be regarded as restrictions since these laws are not imposed by any outside legislator beside or above us, but are immanent and inherent, forming the very basis of our material, intellectual and moral being — they do not limit us but are the real and immediate conditions of our freedom.“

—  Mikhail Bakunin

Quelle: "La Commune de Paris et la notion de l'état" (The Commune of Paris and the notion of the state) http://libcom.org/library/paris-commune-mikhail-bakunin as quoted in Noam Chomsky: Notes on Anarchism (1970) http://pbahq.smartcampaigns.com/node/222
Kontext: I am a fanatic lover of liberty, considering it as the unique condition under which intelligence, dignity and human happiness can develop and grow; not the purely formal liberty conceded, measured out and regulated by the State, an eternal lie which in reality represents nothing more than the privilege of some founded on the slavery of the rest; not the individualistic, egoistic, shabby, and fictitious liberty extolled by the School of J.-J. Rousseau and other schools of bourgeois liberalism, which considers the would-be rights of all men, represented by the State which limits the rights of each — an idea that leads inevitably to the reduction of the rights of each to zero. No, I mean the only kind of liberty that is worthy of the name, liberty that consists in the full development of all the material, intellectual and moral powers that are latent in each person; liberty that recognizes no restrictions other than those determined by the laws of our own individual nature, which cannot properly be regarded as restrictions since these laws are not imposed by any outside legislator beside or above us, but are immanent and inherent, forming the very basis of our material, intellectual and moral being — they do not limit us but are the real and immediate conditions of our freedom.

„FREEDOM, the realization of freedom: who can deny that this is what today heads the agenda of history?“

—  Mikhail Bakunin

"The Reaction in Germany" (1842) http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bakunin/works/1842/reaction-germany.htm, Bakunin's first political writings, under the pseudonym "Jules Elysard"; it was not until 1860 that he began to publicly assert a stance of firm atheism and vigorous rejection of traditional religious institutions.
Kontext: FREEDOM, the realization of freedom: who can deny that this is what today heads the agenda of history? … Revolutionary propaganda is in its deepest sense the negation of the existing conditions of the State, for, with respect to its innermost nature, it has no other program than the destruction of whatever order prevails at the time.... We must not only act politically, but in our politics act religiously, religiously in the sense of freedom, of which the one true expression is justice and love. Indeed, for us alone, who are called the enemies of the Christian religion, for us alone it is reserved, and even made the highest duty … really to exercise love, this highest commandment of Christ and this only way to true Christianity.

„All people and all men are filled with a kind of premonition, and everyone whose vital organs are not paralyzed faces with shuddering expectation the approaching future which will utter the redeeming word.“

—  Mikhail Bakunin

"The Reaction in Germany" (1842)
Kontext: Everywhere, especially in France and England, social and religious societies are being formed which are wholly alien to the world of present-day politics, societies that derive their life from new sources quite unknown to us and that grow and diffuse themselves without fanfare. The people, the poor class, which without doubt constitutes the greatest part of humanity; the class whose rights have already been recognized in theory but which is nevertheless still despised for its birth, for its ties with poverty and ignorance, as well as indeed with actual slavery – this class, which constitutes the true people, is everywhere assuming a threatening attitude and is beginning to count the ranks of its enemy, far weaker in numbers than itself, and to demand the actualization of the right already conceded to it by everyone. All people and all men are filled with a kind of premonition, and everyone whose vital organs are not paralyzed faces with shuddering expectation the approaching future which will utter the redeeming word. Even in Russia, the boundless snow-covered kingdom so little known, and which perhaps also has a great future in store, even in Russia dark clouds are gathering, heralding storm. Oh, the air is sultry and pregnant with lightning.
And therefore we call to our deluded brothers: Repent, repent, the Kingdom of the Lord is at hand!

„Everywhere, especially in France and England, social and religious societies are being formed which are wholly alien to the world of present-day politics, societies that derive their life from new sources quite unknown to us and that grow and diffuse themselves without fanfare.“

—  Mikhail Bakunin

"The Reaction in Germany" (1842)
Kontext: Everywhere, especially in France and England, social and religious societies are being formed which are wholly alien to the world of present-day politics, societies that derive their life from new sources quite unknown to us and that grow and diffuse themselves without fanfare. The people, the poor class, which without doubt constitutes the greatest part of humanity; the class whose rights have already been recognized in theory but which is nevertheless still despised for its birth, for its ties with poverty and ignorance, as well as indeed with actual slavery – this class, which constitutes the true people, is everywhere assuming a threatening attitude and is beginning to count the ranks of its enemy, far weaker in numbers than itself, and to demand the actualization of the right already conceded to it by everyone. All people and all men are filled with a kind of premonition, and everyone whose vital organs are not paralyzed faces with shuddering expectation the approaching future which will utter the redeeming word. Even in Russia, the boundless snow-covered kingdom so little known, and which perhaps also has a great future in store, even in Russia dark clouds are gathering, heralding storm. Oh, the air is sultry and pregnant with lightning.
And therefore we call to our deluded brothers: Repent, repent, the Kingdom of the Lord is at hand!

Ähnliche Autoren

Nikolai Gawrilowitsch Tschernyschewski Foto
Nikolai Gawrilowitsch Tschernyschewski2
russischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker
Iwan Sergejewitsch Turgenew Foto
Iwan Sergejewitsch Turgenew9
russischer Schriftsteller
Nikolaj Vasiljevič Gogol Foto
Nikolaj Vasiljevič Gogol2
russischer Schriftsteller
Leo Tolstoi Foto
Leo Tolstoi84
russischer Schriftsteller
Anton Tschechow Foto
Anton Tschechow19
russischer Schriftsteller, Novellist und Dramatiker
Fjodor Dostojewski Foto
Fjodor Dostojewski38
Russischer Schriftsteller des 19. Jahrhunderts
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky Foto
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky2
US-amerikanische Okkultistin und Schriftstellerin deutsch-r…
Friedrich Engels Foto
Friedrich Engels42
deutscher Politiker, Unternehmer, Philosoph und Militärhist…
Theodore Roosevelt Foto
Theodore Roosevelt95
US Amerikanischer Politiker, 26. Präsident der USA
Georg Büchner Foto
Georg Büchner83
Deutscher Schriftsteller, Naturwissenschaftler und Revoluti…
Heutige Jubiläen
Bertolt Brecht Foto
Bertolt Brecht55
Deutscher Dramatiker und Lyriker 1898 - 1956
Enzo Ferrari Foto
Enzo Ferrari8
italienischer Rennfahrer und Gründer des Rennwagenherstelle… 1898 - 1988
Elias Canetti Foto
Elias Canetti12
deutschsprachiger Schriftsteller und Literatur-Nobelpreistr… 1905 - 1994
Friedrich Wilhelm I. (Preußen) Foto
Friedrich Wilhelm I. (Preußen)4
König in Preußen (1713–1740) 1688 - 1740
Weitere 62 heutige Jubiläen
Ähnliche Autoren
Nikolai Gawrilowitsch Tschernyschewski Foto
Nikolai Gawrilowitsch Tschernyschewski2
russischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker
Iwan Sergejewitsch Turgenew Foto
Iwan Sergejewitsch Turgenew9
russischer Schriftsteller
Nikolaj Vasiljevič Gogol Foto
Nikolaj Vasiljevič Gogol2
russischer Schriftsteller
Leo Tolstoi Foto
Leo Tolstoi84
russischer Schriftsteller
Anton Tschechow Foto
Anton Tschechow19
russischer Schriftsteller, Novellist und Dramatiker