Zitate von Kemal Atatürk

Kemal Atatürk Foto
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Kemal Atatürk

Geburtstag: 1881
Todesdatum: 10. November 1938

Kemal Atatürk , auch als Mustafa Kemal Atatürk bezeichnet, war der Begründer der Republik Türkei und von 1923 bis 1938 erster Präsident der nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg aus dem Osmanischen Reich hervorgegangenen modernen Republik.

Seine Verdienste als Offizier bei der Verteidigung der Halbinsel Gallipoli 1915 gegen alliierte Truppen, welche die Dardanellen unter ihre Kontrolle bringen wollten, und ab 1921 der Abwehrkampf gegen die nach Anatolien vorgedrungenen Griechen haben ihn zur Symbolfigur türkischen Selbstbehauptungswillens und Nationalbewusstseins werden lassen. Als Machtpolitiker, der die Modernisierung seines Landes nach westlichem Vorbild beharrlich vorantrieb, hat er mit der Abschaffung von Sultanat und Kalifat sowie mit weitreichenden gesellschaftlichen Reformen einen in dieser Form einmaligen Staatstypus geschaffen. Darauf beruhen – trotz teilweiser Kontroversen über sein Wirken – die personenkultartige Verehrung, die ihm in der Türkei bis heute entgegengebracht wird, und die Unangefochtenheit des ihm 1934 vom türkischen Parlament verliehenen Nachnamens Atatürk . Wikipedia

„Unser Volk war seit seiner Geschichte immer ein Beispiel für Freiheit und Unabhängigkeit.“

—  Kemal Atatürk

Mausoleum Atatürks (Anıtkabir)

„Es gibt verschiedene Kulturen, aber nur eine Zivilisation, die europäische.“

—  Kemal Atatürk

zitiert in Bernd Rill: Kemal Atatürk, rowohlt Verlag 1985, S. 80

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Portals/7/combat-studies-institute/csi-books/battles.pdf by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188
Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.

„The torch that the Turkish nation holds in her hand and in her mind, while marching on the road of progress and civilisation, is positive sciences.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Speech on the tenth anniversary of the Republic, 1933 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atat%C3%BCrk%27s_Tenth_Year_Speech

„Science is the most real guide for civilisation, for life, for success in the world. To search for a guide other than science is absurdity, ignorance and heresy.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

As quoted in Atatürkçülük, Volume I, General Staff of the Republic of Turkey, Millî Eğitim Basımevi, 1984, p. 283

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi-battles.htm by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188
Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.
Kontext: Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place.

„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men.
Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

„We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.“

—  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Speech at Çankaya Pavilion (29 October 1933); quoted in Orta(daki) Asya Ülkeleri -Mustafa Balbay - Cumhuriyet Kitapları http://kitap.antoloji.com/kitap.asp?kitap=16216
Kontext: Today the Soviet Union is a friend and an ally. We need this friendship. However, no one can know what will happen tomorrow. Just like the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires it may tear itself apart or shrink in size. Those peoples that it holds so tightly in its grip may one day slip away. The world may see a new balance of power. It is then that Turkey must know what to do. Ally Soviets have under their control our brothers with whom we share language, beliefs and roots. We must be prepared to embrace them. Being ready does not mean that we will sit quietly and wait. We must get ready. How does a people get prepared for such an endeavour? By strengthening the natural bridges that exist between us. Language is a bridge... Religion is a bridge... History is a bridge... We must delve into our roots and reconstruct what history has divided. We can't wait for them to approach us. We must reach out to them.

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