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Alfred der Große

Geburtstag: 849
Todesdatum: 26. Oktober 899

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Alfred der Große war ab 871 König der West-Sachsen und ab etwa 886 der Angelsachsen. Er war der jüngste der fünf Söhne des 858 verstorbenen Westsachsenkönigs Æthelwulf und seiner ersten Frau Osburga. Seine besondere Bedeutung für die englische Geschichte liegt darin, dass er nach erfolgreicher Abwehr der Wikinger die Grundlagen für eine Vereinigung der angelsächsischen Königreiche unter der Hegemonie von Wessex schuf sowie die altenglische Sprache und Literatur förderte.

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Zitate Alfred der Große

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„As Alfred says, that learned king:
"The hated man can't intercede;
The angry man's not fit to plead."“

— Alfred the Great
The Owl and the Nightingale, line 942; as translated by Brian Stone in The Owl and the Nightingale, Cleanness, St. Erkenwald (1971), p. 214.

„For Alfred seide a wis word,
euch mon hit schulde legge on hord:
"3ef thu isihst er he beo icume,
his strencþe is him wel neh binume."“

— Alfred the Great
On this, hear Alfred's weighty word<br/>Which man should treasure once it's heard:<br/>"Foresee your trouble in its course:<br/>You thereby take away its force." The Owl and the Nightingale, line 1223; as translated by Brian Stone in The Owl and the Nightingale, Cleanness, St. Erkenwald (1971), p. 224.

„Þæt is nu hraðost to secganne, þæt ic wilnode weorðfullice to libbanne þa hwile þe ic lifede, and æfter minum life þæm monnum to læfanne þe æfter me wæren min gemyndig on godum weorcum.“

— Alfred the Great
I desired to live worthily as long as I lived, and to leave after my life, to the men who should come after me, the memory of me in good works. In his translation of Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy, ch. 17, p. 133.

„Geðenc hwelc witu us ða becomon for ðisse worulde, ða ða we hit nohwæðer ne selfe ne lufodon ne eac oðrum monnum ne lefdon!“

— Alfred the Great
Remember what punishments befell us in this world when we ourselves did not cherish learning nor transmit it to other men. p. 125.

„He that is shut out
Is soon forgot within.“

— Alfred the Great
The Proverbs of Alfred, st. 19, as published in The Dialogue of Salomon and Saturnus (1848) http://archive.org/stream/dialogueofsalomo00kembuoft#page/226/mode/2up/search/Alfred, edited by John Mitchell Kemble, p. 242.

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„Me com swiðe oft on gemynd, hwelce wiotan iu wæron giond Angelcynn, ægðer ge godcundra hada ge woruldcundra; ond hu gesæliglica tida ða wæron giond Angelcynn; ond hu ða kyningas ðe ðone onwald hæfdon ðæs folces Gode ond his ærendwrecum hiersumedon; ond hie ægðer ge hiora sibbe ge hiora siodu ge hiora onweald innanbordes gehioldon, ond eac ut hiora eðel rymdon; ond hu him ða speow ægðer ge mid wige ge mid wisdome; ond eac ða godcundan hadas, hu giorne hie wæron ægðer ge ymb lare ge ymb liornunga, ge ymb ealle ða ðiowotdomas ðe hie Gode don scoldon; ond hu man utanbordes wisdom ond lare hieder on lond sohte; ond hu we hie nu sceoldon ute begietan, gif we hie habban sceoldon.“

— Alfred the Great
Very often it has come to my mind what men of learning there were formerly throughout England, both in religious and secular orders; and how there were happy times then throughout England; and how the kings, who had authority over this people, obeyed God and his messengers; and how they not only maintained their peace, morality and authority at home but also extended their territory outside; and how they succeeded both in warfare and in wisdom; and also how eager were the religious orders both in teaching and in learning as well as in all the holy services which it was their duty to perform for God; and how people from abroad sought wisdom and instruction in this country; and how nowadays, if we wished to acquire these things, we would have to seek them outside. p. 124.

„Never believe the speech of all men, nor all the things that you hear sung.“

— Alfred the Great
The Proverbs of Alfred, st. 19, as published in The Dialogue of Salomon and Saturnus (1848) http://archive.org/stream/dialogueofsalomo00kembuoft#page/226/mode/2up/search/Alfred, edited by John Mitchell Kemble, p. 237.

„Ne ches þe neuere to fere
littele mon ne long ne red...

Þe luttele mon he his so rei,
ne mai non him wonin nei...

Þe lonke mon is leþe bei,
selde comid is herte rei...

Þe rede mon he is a quet,
for he wole þe þin iwil red
he is cocker, þef and horeling,
scolde, of wrechedome he is king...“

— Alfred the Great
Choose never for thy mate<br/>a little man, or long, or red...<br/><br/>The little man is so conceited,<br/>no one can dwell near him...<br/><br/>The long man is ill to be with,<br/>seldom is his heart brave...<br/><br/>The red man is a rogue,<br/>for he will advise thee ill;<br/>he is quarrelsome, a thief and whoreling,<br/>a scold, of mischief he is king. The Proverbs of Alfred, st. 19, as published in The Dialogue of Salomon and Saturnus (1848) http://archive.org/stream/dialogueofsalomo00kembuoft#page/226/mode/2up/search/Alfred, edited by John Mitchell Kemble, p. 247

„Ða ic ða gemunde hu sio Lar Lædengeðiodes ær ðissum afeallen wæs giond Angelcynn, ond ðeah monige cuðon Englisc gewrit arædan, ða ongan ic on gemang oðrum mislicum ond manigfealdum bisgum ðisses kynerices ða boc on Englisc ðe is genemned on Læden Pastoralis, ond on Englisc "Hierdeboc", hwilum word be worde, hwilum andgit of andgite.“

— Alfred the Great
When I recalled how knowledge of Latin had previously decayed throughout England, and yet many could still read things written in English, I then began, amidst the various and multifarious afflictions of this kingdom, to translate into English the book which in Latin is called Pastoralis, in English "Shepherd-book", sometimes word for word, sometimes sense for sense. p. 126

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