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Al Gore

Geburtstag: 31. März 1948

Albert Arnold „Al“ Gore Jr. ist ein US-amerikanischer Politiker , Unternehmer sowie Umweltschützer. Von 1993 bis 2001 war er unter Präsident Bill Clinton der 45. Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten. 2007 erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis.

Von 1977 bis 1985 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Tennessee als Abgeordneter im Repräsentantenhaus, anschließend dann im Senat. 1988 scheiterte er mit seiner Bewerbung um die Präsidentschaftskandidatur. Nach seiner Amtszeit als Vizepräsident kandidierte er bei der Präsidentschaftswahl 2000 erneut, unterlag aber dem republikanischen Kandidaten George W. Bush. Zwar konnte Gore bundesweit über 500.000 Stimmen mehr auf sich vereinen als sein Gegenkandidat, doch Bush erhielt über die Bundesstaaten mehr Wahlmännerstimmen und damit den Wahlsieg. Das Ergebnis im Bundesstaat Florida brachte die Entscheidung, wenngleich es äußerst umstritten war.

Gore veröffentlichte mehrere Schriften zum Umweltschutz, er hält weltweit Vorträge zu diesem Thema. Aus seiner Multimediapräsentation über die globale Erwärmung ist die mit dem Oscar ausgezeichnete Dokumentation Eine unbequeme Wahrheit hervorgegangen. Daneben startete er das GLOBE-Programm und initiierte die Konzertreihe Live Earth. 2007 wurde Al Gore für seine Bemühungen um eine Bewusstmachung der Klimakrise und ihrer globalen Gefahren zusammen mit dem Weltklimarat IPCC der Friedensnobelpreis verliehen. Seit November 2013 lebt er vegan.Gore stammt aus einer wohlhabenden und politisch aktiven Familie. Er ist u. a. Gründer und Vorstand der Alliance for Climate Protection, von Generation Investment Management, Current TV, Mitglied im Aufsichtsrat von Apple und hochrangiger Berater von Google sowie Teilhaber an den Investmentfirmen Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers und Generation Investment Management. Seine PR-Aufwendungen für eine Energiewende wurden allein für das Jahr 2009 auf 300 Millionen Dollar geschätzt. Wikipedia

Werk

„Das ganze läuft gewissermaßen auf einen Staatsstreich gegen das Vernunftprinzip hinaus. Gier und Geld entscheiden in unserer heutigen Gesellschaft über die Macht im Staat, und wer sie gewinnt, mißbraucht sie, um Wohlstand und Einfluß auf einen immer enger werdenden Kreis zu beschränken.“

—  Al Gore, buch The Assault on Reason

Al Gore: Angriff auf die Vernunft (The Assault on Reason). Aus dem Englischen von Enrico Heinemann und Friedrich Pflüger. Goldmann, München 2007, ISBN: 978-3-442-15543-9, S. 131
"Now that the conglomerates can dominate the expressions of opinion that flood the minds of the citizenry and selectively choose the ideas that are amplified so loudly as to drown out others that, whatever their validity, do not have wealthy patrons, the result is a de facto coup d'etat overthrowing the rule of reason. Greed and wealth now allocate power in our society, and that power is used in turn to further increase and concentrate wealth and power in the hands of the few." - The Assault on Reason. p. 99 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=CrSKtmZxatAC&pg=PA99

„Das System der gegenseitigen Machtkontrolle und Machtbalance, dank dessen die Demokratie in den USA über zweihundert Jahre lang gut funktionierte, erfuhr in den letzten Jahrzehnten, insbesondere in den letzten sechs Jahren, eine gefährliche Erosion.“

—  Al Gore, buch The Assault on Reason

Al Gore: Angriff auf die Vernunft (The Assault on Reason). Aus dem Englischen von Enrico Heinemann und Friedrich Pflüger. Goldmann, München 2007, ISBN: 978-3-442-15543-9, S. 326
("The system of checks and balances that has protected the integrity of our American system for more than two centuries has been dangerously eroded in recent decades, and especially in the last six years." - The Assault on Reason. p. 244 books.google http://books.google.de/books?id=CrSKtmZxatAC&pg=PA244

„For the first time in American history, the Executive Branch of our government has not only condoned but actively promoted the treatment of captives in wartime that clearly involves torture, thus overturning a prohibition established by General George Washington during the Revolutionary War.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: For the first time in American history, the Executive Branch of our government has not only condoned but actively promoted the treatment of captives in wartime that clearly involves torture, thus overturning a prohibition established by General George Washington during the Revolutionary War.
It is too easy — and too partisan — to simply place the blame on the policies of President George W. Bush. We are all responsible for the decisions our country makes. We have a Congress. We have an independent judiciary. We have checks and balances. We are a nation of laws. We have free speech. We have a free press. Have they all failed us? Why has America's public discourse become less focused and clear, less reasoned? Faith in the power of reason — the belief that free citizens can govern themselves wisely and fairly by resorting to logical debate on the basis of the best evidence available, instead of raw power — remains the central premise of American democracy. This premise is now under assault.

„The strength of American democracy is shown most clearly through the difficulties it can overcome.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, Concession speech (2000)
Kontext: I know that many of my supporters are disappointed. I am too. But our disappointment must be overcome by our love of country.
And I say to our fellow members of the world community, let no one see this contest as a sign of American weakness. The strength of American democracy is shown most clearly through the difficulties it can overcome.

„History will surely judge America's decision to invade and occupy a fragile and unstable nation that did not attack us and posed no threat to us as a decision that was not only tragic but absurd.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: History will surely judge America's decision to invade and occupy a fragile and unstable nation that did not attack us and posed no threat to us as a decision that was not only tragic but absurd. Saddam Hussein was a brutal dictator, to be sure, but not one who posed an imminent danger to us. It is a decision that could have been made only at a moment in time when reason was playing a sharply diminished role in our national deliberations.

„September 11 had a profound impact on all of us. But after initially responding in an entirely appropriate way, the administration began to heighten and distort public fear of terrorism to create a political case for attacking Iraq.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: September 11 had a profound impact on all of us. But after initially responding in an entirely appropriate way, the administration began to heighten and distort public fear of terrorism to create a political case for attacking Iraq. Despite the absence of proof, Iraq was said to be working hand in hand with al-Qaeda and to be on the verge of a nuclear weapons capability. Defeating Saddam was conflated with bringing war to the terrorists, even though it really meant diverting attention and resources from those who actually attacked us.
When the president of the United States stood before the people of this nation and invited us to "imagine" a terrorist attack with a nuclear weapon, he was referring to terrorists who actually had no connection to Iraq. But because our nation had been subjected to the horrors of 9/11, when our president said "imagine with me this new fear," it was easy enough to bypass the reasoning process that might otherwise have led people to ask, "Wait a minute, Mr. President, where's your evidence?"

„We may well put down terror in its present manifestations. But if we do not attend to the larger fundamentals as well, then the ground is fertile and has been seeded for the next generation of those born to hate us, who will hold these things up before the world's poor and dispossessed, and say that all these things are in our image, and rekindle the war we are now hoping to snuff out.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, Our Larger Tasks (2002)
Kontext: As important as identifying Iraq, Iran and North Korea for what they are, we must be equally bold in identifying other evils that confront us. For there is another Axis of Evil in the world: poverty and ignorance; disease and environmental disorder; corruption and political oppression. We may well put down terror in its present manifestations. But if we do not attend to the larger fundamentals as well, then the ground is fertile and has been seeded for the next generation of those born to hate us, who will hold these things up before the world's poor and dispossessed, and say that all these things are in our image, and rekindle the war we are now hoping to snuff out.

„Terrorism relies on the stimulation of fear for political ends. Indeed, its specific goal is to distort the political reality of a nation by creating fear in the general population that is hugely disproportionate to the actual danger that the terrorists are capable of posing.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: Terrorism relies on the stimulation of fear for political ends. Indeed, its specific goal is to distort the political reality of a nation by creating fear in the general population that is hugely disproportionate to the actual danger that the terrorists are capable of posing. Ironically, President Bush's response to the terrorist attack of September 11 was, in effect, to further distort America's political reality by creating a new fear of Iraq that was hugely disproportionate to the actual danger Iraq was capable of posing.

„Many scientists are now warning that we are moving closer to several "tipping points" that could — within as little as 10 years — make it impossible for us to avoid irretrievable damage to the planet's habitability for human civilization.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, NYU Law School speech (2006)
Kontext: Many scientists are now warning that we are moving closer to several "tipping points" that could — within as little as 10 years — make it impossible for us to avoid irretrievable damage to the planet's habitability for human civilization. In this regard, just a few weeks ago, another group of scientists reported on the unexpectedly rapid increases in the release of carbon and methane emissions from frozen tundra in Siberia, now beginning to thaw because of human caused increases in global temperature. The scientists tell us that the tundra in danger of thawing contains an amount of additional global warming pollution that is equal to the total amount that is already in the earth's atmosphere.

„We should neither bemoan nor naively idealize this new reality. We should deal with it.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, IPI speech (2000)
Kontext: We are now in a new era. To label this time "the post-Cold War era" belies its uniqueness and its significance. We are now in a Global Age. Like it or not, we live in an age when our destinies and the destinies of billions of people around the globe are increasingly intertwined. When our grand domestic and international challenges are also intertwined. We should neither bemoan nor naively idealize this new reality. We should deal with it.

„We need to pursue a policy of "forward engagement" — addressing problems early in their development before they become crises; addressing them as close to the source of the problem as possible; and having the forces and resources to deal with those threats as soon after their emergence as possible.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, IPI speech (2000)
Kontext: Today, at the dawn of the 21st Century, we need a foreign policy that addresses the classic security threats — and understands the new ones as well. We need a new approach for a new century — grounded in our own economic and security interests, but uplifted by what is right in the world. We need to pursue a policy of "forward engagement" — addressing problems early in their development before they become crises; addressing them as close to the source of the problem as possible; and having the forces and resources to deal with those threats as soon after their emergence as possible.

„It's a platform for pursuing the truth, and the decentralized creation and distribution of ideas, in the same way that markets are a decentralized mechanism for the creation and distribution of goods and services. It's a platform, in other words, for reason.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: Fortunately, the Internet has the potential to revitalize the role played by the people in our constitutional framework. It has extremely low entry barriers for individuals. It is the most interactive medium in history and the one with the greatest potential for connecting individuals to one another and to a universe of knowledge. It's a platform for pursuing the truth, and the decentralized creation and distribution of ideas, in the same way that markets are a decentralized mechanism for the creation and distribution of goods and services. It's a platform, in other words, for reason. But the Internet must be developed and protected, in the same way we develop and protect markets — through the establishment of fair rules of engagement and the exercise of the rule of law. The same ferocity that our Founders devoted to protect the freedom and independence of the press is now appropriate for our defense of the freedom of the Internet. The stakes are the same: the survival of our Republic. We must ensure that the Internet remains open and accessible to all citizens without any limitation on the ability of individuals to choose the content they wish regardless of the Internet service provider they use to connect to the Web. We cannot take this future for granted. We must be prepared to fight for it, because of the threat of corporate consolidation and control over the Internet marketplace of ideas.

„This premise is now under assault.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: For the first time in American history, the Executive Branch of our government has not only condoned but actively promoted the treatment of captives in wartime that clearly involves torture, thus overturning a prohibition established by General George Washington during the Revolutionary War.
It is too easy — and too partisan — to simply place the blame on the policies of President George W. Bush. We are all responsible for the decisions our country makes. We have a Congress. We have an independent judiciary. We have checks and balances. We are a nation of laws. We have free speech. We have a free press. Have they all failed us? Why has America's public discourse become less focused and clear, less reasoned? Faith in the power of reason — the belief that free citizens can govern themselves wisely and fairly by resorting to logical debate on the basis of the best evidence available, instead of raw power — remains the central premise of American democracy. This premise is now under assault.

„Today, at the dawn of the 21st Century, we need a foreign policy that addresses the classic security threats — and understands the new ones as well.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, IPI speech (2000)
Kontext: Today, at the dawn of the 21st Century, we need a foreign policy that addresses the classic security threats — and understands the new ones as well. We need a new approach for a new century — grounded in our own economic and security interests, but uplifted by what is right in the world. We need to pursue a policy of "forward engagement" — addressing problems early in their development before they become crises; addressing them as close to the source of the problem as possible; and having the forces and resources to deal with those threats as soon after their emergence as possible.

„It is simply no longer possible to ignore the strangeness of our public discourse.“

—  Al Gore

Quotes, The Assault on Reason (2007)
Kontext: It is simply no longer possible to ignore the strangeness of our public discourse. I know I am not alone in feeling that something has gone fundamentally wrong. In 2001, I had hoped it was an aberration when polls showed that three-quarters of Americans believed that Saddam Hussein was responsible for attacking us on Sept. 11. More than five years later, however, nearly half of the American public still believes Saddam was connected to the attack.

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